During this time, the enslavement of Athenian citizens was forbidden and the poorest class, the Thetai, received rights to vote in the Ecclesia Assembly and other political rights. Also excluded from voting were citizens whose rights were under suspension typically for failure to pay a debt to the city: see ; for some Athenians this amounted to permanent and in fact inheritable disqualification. The random assignment of responsibility to individuals who may or may not be competent has obvious risks, but the system included features meant to mitigate possible problems. The most famous monarchies were those in the states of Macedonia and Epeiros, where the ruler shared power with an assembly, limited though these were in practice. For private suits the minimum jury size was 200 increased to 401 if a sum of over 1000 drachmas was at issue , for public suits 501. But not all Greek city-states became democracies. The concept of the ideal state by the Greek philosopher Plato is a relevant topic of study for the students of political science today.
If you're one of those people, it's remove that silly notion from your brain. This expression encapsulated the right of citizens to take the initiative to stand to speak in the assembly, to initiate a public lawsuit that is, one held to affect the political community as a whole , to propose a law before the lawmakers, or to approach the council with suggestions. Members of the council were chosen by manner of random selection. By so strongly validating one role, that of the male citizen, it has been argued that democracy compromised the status of those who did not share it. A chairman for each tribe was chosen by lot each day, who was required to stay in the tholos for the next 24 hours, presiding over meetings of the Boule and Assembly.
Their freedmen in most cases were purchased by a wealthy friend or relative. Bodies of Government There were three main bodies of the government: the Assembly, the Council of 500, and the Courts. Unfortunately, Athens lost its power and diminished into a small hill-fort on the top of the Acropolis. Only Greek males who were not slaves could be citizens in Ancient Greece There are many interesting facts of Ancient Greece government. The common people were numerically dominant in the navy, which they used to pursue their own interests in the form of work as rowers and in the hundreds of overseas administrative positions. The most famous of oligarchy was the city state of Sparta which was ruled by two kings at the same time. Although in many ways Peisistratus helped further the development of democracy, he was not interested in relinquishing his power as much as redistributing and lessening the power of the wealthiest classes.
He also gave power to a fourth class of people, those who were the poorest citizens. Although citizens gained more influence during this time, not everybody was a citizen. A company of citizens : what the world's first democracy teaches leaders about creating great organizations. The third level of society was the zeugitai meaning ''yoked men,'' a term referring to the fact that they owned oxen and produced at least 200 measures. The courts became in effect a kind of upper house.
These are the assembly in some cases with a quorum of 6000 , the council of 500 , and the courts a minimum of 200 people, on some occasions up to 6,000. Classical Greece: Democracy Government of ancient Greece: Potsherd used to vote for Themistocles can you see his name written on it? The roles and responsibilities of women were similar. Before the first attempt at democratic government, Athens was ruled by a series of or chief magistrates, and the , made up of ex-archons. Did we answer your questions about the government of Ancient Greece? It teaches students about the principal gods and heroes that were worshiped by the Greeks, as well as the ways in which Greeks could communicate with the gods. It was from this group that the oligarchy would develop.
This was almost inevitable since, with the notable exception of the generals , each office had restrictive term limits. They were always poor, and did not have any rights whatsoever. So every citizen had a chance, regardless of their popularity or wealth, to become an official. After Rome became an Empire under , the nominal independence of Athens dissolved and its government converged to the normal type for a Roman municipality, with a Senate of. Athens also failed to host the 1996 centenary Olympic Games. Most of these officials were chosen by a lottery.
Athens was the First Democracy Another interesting fact about Ancient Greece government is that Athens had the first democratic government. Some particularly wealthy individuals figured out that they could arm lower classes of people to fight for them. There was only one difference: Athenian-born women could own property and metics could not. One would stay home and the other go off to fight wars. And a democracy is when the people elect representatives, or choose them using a lottery system. This was followed by oligarchy, tyranny and then democracy. At the end of the session, each voter tossed one of these into a large clay jar which was afterwards cracked open for the counting of the ballots.
Oligarchy as a Form of Government in Ancient Greece In an oligarchy, a number of wealthy influential citizens determined how the area would be ruled and citizens in that area had no say in government or law. For a small category of votes, a quorum of 6,000 was required, principally grants of citizenship, and here small coloured stones were used, white for yes and black for no. Another tack of criticism is to notice the disquieting links between democracy and a number of less than appealing features of Athenian life. Athens was an important city state in ancient Greece. In opposition, thinkers such as were worried about the ignorance of a democratic decision-making body. A Greek Hoplite Soldier in Armor Creating a More Equal Society The military was not the only element of society impacted by the changing economic situation of Athens.
As the system evolved, the last function was shifted to the law courts. Sparta was less interested than Athens in following the will of the people. This aggravated the Persians to invade Greek twice. Women were not considered full citizens and were not allowed to participate in politics or to take part in the assembly. Although Sparta also possessed a citizen assembly, it is most famous for its system of two kings. It does seem clear that possession of slaves allowed even poorer Athenians — owning a few slaves was by no means equated with wealth — to devote more of their time to political life. Unlike a , the assembly's members were not elected, but attended by right when they chose.