Identity and Self-Concept Theory in Psychology vs. Trends in Cognitive Science, 12, 441-446. I happen to agree with Rogers, even though these qualities are quite demanding. Rogers and Freud worked in the field of psychotherapy… 846 Words 4 Pages Psychology Assessment Carl Rogers was a humanistic psychologist who developed the theory of personality. You may not have given much thought to these questions before, but you probably have a good idea of how to answer them.
However, although this may seem like a pretty logical and straightforward process, we tend to give ourselves room for moral ambiguity. Rogers, however, states that childhood experiences are extremely important and a healthy self-concept is the result of parenting that provides unconditional positive regard. Comparison between self-concept and self-efficacy in academic motivation research. Ideally according to Rogers, is the best environment for the child. Unconditional positive regard is blanket acceptance and support of a person regardless of what the per son say s or doe s. Our self-concept drives our , methods, and experiences in communicating with others. A Definition Self-concept is an overarching idea we have about who we are—physically, emotionally, socially, spiritually, and in terms of any other aspects that make up who we are Neill, 2005.
Each of us has our own unique self-concept, different from the self-concept of others and from their concept of us. It also means that the personality of an individual can change over time because the stimuli they encounter, either real or perceived, may vary. Two neurologists developed two theories to explain the formation of personalities. How we think about ourselves, our feelings of self-worth are of fundamental importance both to psychological health and to the likelihood that we can achieve goals and ambitions in life and achieve self-actualization. If she gets a bit lost or needs a better explanation, she can refer to the description of self-concept at the bottom of the page. According to Carl Rogers, founder of , self-concept is an overarching construct that self-esteem is one of the components of it McLeod, 2008.
Therefore, when it comes to therapy, the belief is that the client knows himself better than any therapist ever could. He was also ranked the sixth most influential psychologist of the 20th century, reflecting his remarkable services to the field of psychology. It forms a personality that is based of discontent and other forms of personalized negative energy. Psychology: A Study of a Science. In many ways, Rogers regarded the fully functioning person as an ideal and one that people do not ultimately achieve.
Saraswat The self-Concept Questionnaire from Dr. For an extra boost to this activity, you could have the students journal about their experience at the end. Carl Rogers died on February 4, 1987, but he left behind a legacy that forever changed the fields of parenting and psychology. This is but one example of the work on self-concept maintenance, but it offers a convincing case of how people actively manage their own self-concept based on the context. This , and set the trend for a lot of current counselling treatments.
Think about a cycle in which we continually develop, maintain, and revise our self-concept: we have an idea of who we are, we act in accordance with that self-concept, others form an idea about who we are, and they react in accordance with their idea of who we are, which impacts our idea of who we are, and on and on it goes. If balance can be achieved, then it creates a personality that is based on high levels of self-worth. As we prefer to see ourselves in ways that are consistent with our self-image, we may use like denial or repression in order to feel less threatened by some of what we consider to be our undesirable feelings. But Rogers is much more than a footnote in history. The commercial should focus on their special skills, talents, and positive qualities. For example, how we see ourselves influences our actions.
Rather, individuals are often only conditionally accepted. This questionnaire is generally thought to be adequately reliable and valid by researchers, although it may be a bit out-of-date at this point. This often manifests in the realm of personal relationships where people who are close to us impose their values of worth upon us. Rogers' belief that his world view was being imposed upon him was a great impetus for his later theory of personality development. The 8 Developmental Stages, Identity Crisis and Ego Identity. If someone fails to achieve the best he can, it is not his fault rather it is the fault of the environment in which he lives.
On the other hand, to the extent that our society is out of synch with the actualizing tendency, and we are forced to live with conditions of worth that are out of step with organismic valuing, and receive only conditional positive regard and self-regard, we develop instead an ideal self. Reflection must come from the heart -- it must be genuine, congruent. From his observations, Carl Rogers concluded that emotional and psychological problems were the exception, not the rule, and in most cases these issues could be overcome. Rogers believed that humans are always active. To have a fully developed self-concept and one that is based in reality , a person must have at least some level of.