Overhearing this, Aunt Alexandra has a fit and tells the children they are not to return. Scout also finds out that it was Bob Ewell who has made the accusations against Tom Robinson. Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them off to bed. After the service, Reverend Syke's takes up a collection of money for Tom Robinson's wife, who has not been able to find work since her husband was brought up on charges of raping a white woman. When it became obvious to her that and had no sense of pride concerning their heritage as well as no sense of duty to their name, she insisted that Atticus explain to them that they were Finches and they should behave like it.
Chapter 14 Summary Scout and Jem are feeling the effects of Atticus's representation of Tom Robinson. As Atticus was treating them so unusual Scout began to cry because she felt like she had lost her father and that Aunt Alexandria was going to control everything about her life even the way Atticus acted towards them. The visit to the church brings Calpurnia to center stage in the novel. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry. Jem is older now, and Scout is having a harder time relating to him, causing them to fight more frequently. So stunned, Scout begins to weep, which causes a change in Atticus.
When they return home, their Aunt Alexandra is waiting for them, which isn't a pleasant surprise. It takes a woman to do that kind of work. To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 13 announced that she'd be staying with them because she and had decided that it was time the children had a feminine influence in their home. That night, Alexandra tries to talk Atticus into firing Calpurnia. She tells Scout to stop scratching her head.
To make matters worse, the state legislature, of which Atticus is a member, is called into session, forcing Atticus to travel to the state capital every day for two weeks. Atticus painfully continued and said that Aunt Alexandria wanted to talk to them about their heritage. Scout explains the history of how the town came to be and that the town was somewhat isolated from growth because it was so far away from the river so they were forced to marry their cousins. Alexandra is not pleased with the way Atticus is raising the children and feels that she is needed. The children begin to leave but, just then, a group of cars shows up.
Underwood, the owner of the newspaper, appears with a shotgun, telling Atticus that he had his back. Several days after Dill's appearance, a group of men shows up at Atticus' house-including the sheriff- with news that Tom Robinson is being transferred to another jail. The continuing example that Atticus sets for his children is to be kind to everyone, even those who show distaste or hatred, but also to stand up for what you believe in. The case of Tom Robinson gives this section a more serious tone, with issues of race and justice, all from the eyes of young children. Scout even has to ask Atticus what the word 'rape' means. She knocks on Jem's adjoining door to ask him about it, and he goes to get a broom in case it's a snake.
Atticus tried to explain to them how they should behave being from a family of gentle breeding, and as he talked, he fidgeted uncomfortably and cleared his throat. With Aunt Alexandra's impeding influence, Jem is beginning to think that Scout needs to act more like a girl. Calpurnia explains that most people can't read anyway. As Jem gets older, he begins to see things differently than Scout. Scout steps on something while climbing into bed, and, with Jem, discovers Dill hiding under her bed.
He makes a valiant attempt but succeeds only in making Scout cry. Scout tried to figure out what Aunt Alexandria was doing there and asked if she was visiting. Defending Tom Robinson, raising children without a mother, letting Scout run around like a boy, are all examples of 'inappropriate behavior' in Maycomb. Neither Jem nor Scout like Aunt Alexandra. To her surprise, it's Dill. Aunt Alexandra believes the Finch name to be a proud one, and she wants Jem and Scout to believe the same. Scout thinks good people are defined by doing the best they can with what they have, but Alexandra seems to believe that the older a family's history, the better the family is.
Jem reminds Dill that his parents are probably looking for him and that he should contact them to let them know he is okay. They continue to struggle with their father, Atticus', ability to find good in even the harshest of people. He sends a letter saying that he has a new father presumably, his mother has remarried and will stay with his family in Meridian. He stumbles on his words, but tells the children that he wants them to be proud to be Finches, that they are not just ordinary people in Maycomb. Scout is feeling the opposite, like she can't do anything with adults always present.
Dill has run away from his parents; he is starving and tired. For a brief moment, we see Atticus give in to Aunt Alexandra's request, but when he sees the reaction from his children, he immediately takes it back. Scouts world somewhat shattered around her. Her character serves as the bridge between two worlds, and the reader develops a sense of her double life, which is split between the Finch household and the black community. Aunt Alexandra doesn't come from a mean place, much like many of the people in Maycomb County. Atticus feeds Dill, but tells him that he needs to contact his Aunt Rachel. Jem and Scout rushed to greet Atticus and Scout asked Atticus if he brought her home a book and if he knew Aunt Alexandria was there.