Cunningham, the father of Walter from her class at school. She doesn't understand that she loves to read until her teacher tells her she can't read anymore: this shows that reading was a pleasure and a freedom she had taken for granted all her life until it is denied to her. Moving slowly, Atticus tells Jem to take Scout and Dill back home. He says that he often passed the Ewell house and that, sometimes, Mayella asked for help with certain chores. Sometimes, it is in everyone's best interests to bend the law in special cases.
They were talking to Atticus about how a large group of people were mad about what Tom Robinson was accused of and wanted to kill him before the trial. Instead, they are willing to believe a white man-whom everyone knows to be lacking in terms of integrity-without question simply because of his skin color. Jem's behavior in Chapter 14 seems to betray Dill, and demonstrates his progress into the adult sphere. Despite the heroic depictions, some critics have come up to maintain the assertion that his figure is irrelevant in the modern profession as he existed in a past era where racism and injustice were the order of the day. Jem feels reassured knowing where his father is, but as they are about to head home, four old cars come into town. The note will ask him to come out sometimes and tell them what he's doing inside, and that they won't hurt him and will buy him ice cream. Ewell is the next witness.
They are beginning to crowd Atticus when Jem interrupts by screaming that the phone is ringing. Cunningham would ride it out together. This is a key point that Atticus will use to try and prove Tom Robinson's innocence. Although he ignores her, Scout reminds him that she knows Walter. The implication is that young people intrinsically expect certain human freedoms and have a natural sense for freedom and justice, which they only become aware of when the adults in society begin trying to take such freedoms away.
When Scout explains that Walter can't pay back the lunch money Miss Caroline offered, the teacher taps Scout's hand with a ruler and makes her stand in the corner of the room. But Scout is still quite immature and her attempts of making conversation with Mr. They were kind to him, but did not seem to need him around. They stop to pick up Dill, and the group of three heads to Atticus' office. Their curiosity and the drama game they create shows how desperately they wanted to find answers to their questions about Boo in the absence of any real information or knowledge.
Atticus stood up slightly trembling and told Jem to go home. With her, Harper Lee seems to point out that there are injustices everywhere. Subsequent situations and circumstances chip away at all that the children know to be true as maturity confronts them. A patient and loving, if somewhat unusual, father, Atticus acts as the voice of reason for his children, and later the entire town. In the previous section, we saw the twelve-year-old Jem indignantly urging Scout to act more like a girl, indicating his growing awareness of adult social roles and expectations. Jem told Dill that he needed to let his mom know that he was there and that he thought his parents would have been worried sick.
Raymond approaches and interrupts them, bringing chapter 19 to a close. Their ancestor, a Methodist named Simon Finch, fled British persecution and eventually settled in Alabama, where he trapped animals for fur and practiced medicine. For the children at this point in the story, bravery means nothing more than accepting a dare to touch the Radley house. He evaluated the situation and nicely told Scout to get Dill some real food. Underwood had also been covering him Atticus , with a shotgun, from his window above the Maycomb Tribune office, in case anyone would attack him. The book opens by mentioning how at age twelve, Jem broke his arm. Scout recollects mentally the way that the Ewells live, in a tiny hut made of planks and corrugated iron and flattened tin cans, surrounded by junk salvaged from the nearby dump.
In her cross-examination, we learn Mayella is nineteen and her family receives relief checks, but there isn't enough food to go around; her father seems to be a drunkard. In fact, Atticus showed pride towards Jem because Jem made a brave stand. Ewell shows himself to be arrogant and crude. Aunt Alexandria was then trying to get Atticus to fire Calpurnia and Atticus refused and said that Calpurnia is a member of this family and that she would work there as long as she wanted. She is a rebellious girl who has tomboy tendencies. The journey of this one individual against the mores of the entire group, though performed here in fear and on a dare, symbolically speaks toward events that will follow when Atticus defends Tom Robinson in court and Scout breaks up the threatening mob of townspeople. However, Mayella begins to cry and refuses to answer any more questions.
Upon arriving at the Ewell home, he found that Bob Ewell's daughter-Mayella Ewell-had been badly beaten. Jem has to run into the yard and retrieve the tire. When Jem and Scout tried to come outside to find out what happened Atticus told them to wait inside. Novels that deal with the formation of a maturing character are called bildungsroman or coming-of-age stories. Jem decides to go back and get his pants late that night. For instance, his prediction that the Ku Klux Klan will never return is mistaken, and even though he doesn't believe anyone will cause trouble at the jail on a Sunday night, the town members prove him wrong. Summary Scout, the narrator, remembers the summer that her brother Jem broke his arm, and she looks back over the years to recall the incidents that led to that climactic event.