However, slight rainfall About 5 cm is caused in the northern India Punjab, Haryana, northern Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir and western Uttar Pradesh by the western disturbances which are active over this area between December and February. Its onset is characterized by intermittent thunderstorms and rain over a number of days, eventually culminating in a huge and lengthy downpour. Based on temperature and rainfall, the Indian Meteorological Service has classified the country into an incredible seven different climatic regions. It experiences moderate to high temperature with seasonal but heavy rainfall. More Reading on the Indian Monsoon and the Himalayas Here are some science papers you can download if you want to learn more about the Indian Monsoon and how it has interacted with the Himalayas and the Tibetan Plateau through time. The southern part, due to its nearness to the sea, is less hot.
Strangely, the best time to visit is the cool season. The winter season in Peninsular India is mild as a result of the influence of the surrounding water bodies. Download This Sample This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members! They travel eastward across I and Pakistan and reach India during the wanly season. Temperature starts rising by the middle of March and by mid May, Mercury touches 41° to 42°C. These low pressure depressions are called western disturbances.
A decline in the mean temperature from 38°C in October to 28°C in November takes place during this season. The pre-monsoon showers are called cherry blossoms, due to their beneficial role in the coffee plantations. This is the season of least tropical cyclone activity and the frequency decreases with the advancement of season. Temperatures and humidity remain relatively high all year round. The temperature remains quite low during the winter months.
The retreating Northeast Monsoons blow from land to sea. The wind velocity is low due to low pressure gradient. The summer season is a period of rising temperature and falling air pressure in the northern part of India. In January the north-west India- Punjab, Haryana, west Uttar Pradesh and north Rajasthan experience less than 15° C temperature while the average temperature is less than 10°C over Jammu and Kashmir and northern U. After the passage of the disturbance, widespread fog and cold waves lowering the minimum temperature by 5° to 10°C below normal are experienced.
Different Types of Climatic Regions The climates of India are mainly divided into four different groups. Winters have limited snow but are quite cold. Southern India The Hot Season in South India has temperatures of between 25—32 °C 77-90 °F , with high levels of humidity and 101 mm of rainfall, and is the worst time to go. People enjoy going for picnics in spring. The average pressure of January month for Thiruvananthapuram was 1005. . During the time of cyclone, heavy rains, winds with high speed and storm surge are also experienced which also affect the lives of the people as it becomes difficult for them to get relief and supplies during this phenomenon.
The diurnal range of temperature, especially in interior parts of the country, is very high. And the higher slopes of the Himalayas experience snowfall during the winter. Hot season Cold season Span March to May Mid-November till February. Haze is common in morning and evening. Daytime winter temperatures are comfortable, although often quite chilly at night.
So, is winter a phenomenon of North India alone? Precipitation Localised thunderstorms, associated with violent winds, torrential downpours, often accompanied by hail Frost is common in the north and the higher slopes of the Himalayas experience snowfall. The entire country receives rainfall due to the south-west summer monsoons from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. The heat is unbearable during the months of May and June. Slight frost is experienced at places in the hills. Some cyclones which originate west of 90°E and travel towards the coast also bring rains to Tamil Nadu coastal plains.
The western disturbances are generally active between December and February. The Winter Season By October, the rainy season comes to an end all over the country and the days become short and the night become long. The best time to visit the Indian Himalaya in general is during the Hot Season. But, the shortage or failure of water results in the below-average crop yields. The isobar of 1019 my, occupying the north-western part of the country, exhibits the high pressure cell.