But before the commission could render a decision, Democrats in the Illinois legislature, under pressure from a nephew of Samuel Tilden, elected Davis to the U. Debates also raged about how best to elect the president and what role the people of the nation should serve in his selection. It was an orderly, multi-institutional, bipartisan solution. Although some of these promises were not kept, in particular the railroad proposal, it was enough for the time being to avert a dangerous standoff. It was, but this time with distrastous result.
The South had had many changes enforced during Reconstruction new state governments, voting rights granted to all men, many reforms that had occurred in the North d … ecades before- education, feminism, temperance, treatment of criminals and the insane , and was forever changed, but Southerners relished the idea of freedom from the somewhat oppressive Northern armies. The season degenerated into the opposing sides launching vicious personal attacks on the opposition candidate. It is therefore likely that Hayes would have won appreciably more of the popular vote in a fair election, perhaps even a plurality or majority. In The Mexicanization of American Politics: The United States' Transnational Path from Civil War to Stabilization 2012 , Downs rejects the idea that this was an era of easy reconciliation and political stability. The other compromises, the 1820 , the and the 1854 , all dealt with the issue of whether new states would be free and slave and were intended to avoid over this volcanic issue. And as it was still considered unseemly for presidential candidates to campaign, most of the actual campaigning was done by surrogates.
As aresult, federal troops were pulled from former … Confederate statesleaving blacks at the mercy of mainly hostile southern whites. The convention nominated Senator of California for vice-president; after Booth declined to run, the national committee chose as his replacement on the ticket. The South Carolina Historical Magazine. There, representatives of Hayes agreed with a group of southern Democrats to the proposals that had been the subject of conversations over the past several months. However, Peskin notes that no serious federal effort was made after Hayes took office to fund a railroad or provide other federal aid for improvements.
In January 1877, Congress established a 15-member Electoral Commission to resolve the issue of which candidate had won the contested states. The cases of Florida, Louisiana, Oregon, and South Carolina were in succession submitted to it by Congress. Of course, that didn't come to pass, however. The two Republican electors dismissed Grover's action and each reported three votes for Hayes, while the Democratic elector, C. The troops had been put there toprotect the rights of newly freed black slaves. Presidency compromise Nearly all of the delegates could agree on the need for a president, to serve as a central figure and executive of the new nation. The two parties did not have tremendous differences on the issues.
In two southern states, the governor recognized by the United States had signed the Republican certificates. He had been brevetted as a Major General. The House had a solid Democratic majority; by throwing out the vote of one state, it could elect Tilden. This deal was basically made on a handshake an … d not recordedon paper. The president and Miss Gardiner were not harmed, but imagine what would have happened had Tyler been killed: On April 4, 1841, exactly a month after having been innaugurated president, 68 year-old William Henry Harrison, then the oldest person to have served as our nation's chief executive, died following a bout with pneumonia he had contracted as a result of having delivered what's still, at over two hours long, the lengthiest innaugural address, coatless and hatless, in a driving blizzard. Tilden defeated , , , , and for the presidential nomination.
Had Tyler died, then, senator Willie Person Mangum of North Carolina would have become, at age 40, the youngest president in our nation's history!. Vann Woodward was the first modern historian to argue that the Compromise of 1877 took place in his 1951 book Reunion and Reaction. The Compromise of 1877 called for the removal of all Federal troopsfrom former Confederate states. On the seventh ballot, Hayes was nominated with 384 votes to 351 for Blaine and 21 for Benjamin Bristow. The Compromise effectively ceded power in the Southern states to the Democratic , who proceeded to in subsequent years.
Tidlen and showed just how divided the country was with the popular and electoral vote almost evenly split. It has been claimed that Tilden's nomination was received by the voting Democrats with more enthusiasm than any leader since. Ferry, the Republican President of the Senate, could then count the votes of the disputed states for Hayes. The election of 1876 became notorious not so much for its tactics, but for the conflicted resolution that followed an apparent victory. However, they had made a miscalculation; instead of staying on the Supreme Court so that he could serve on the Commission, he promptly resigned as a Justice in order to take his Senate seat. This proved the last election in which the Republicans won Louisiana until 1956 and the last in which the Republicans won South Carolina until 1964.
Acknowledging his role as a compromise candidate, Hayes delivered a letter at the end of the convention indicating he would only serve one term if elected. The convention considered three potential presidential nominees: Charles F. The platform supported the Reconstruction Amendments to the Constitution, international arbitration, the reading of the scriptures in public schools, specie payments, justice for , abolition of the Electoral College, and prohibition of the sale of alcoholic beverages. Tilden won the popular vote, but American presidential elections are not decided by popular vote, but by the Electoral College. The majority party in each house named three members and the minority party two.