Because speech style and language is an important factor in defining social groups, divergence in speech style or language is often used to maintain intergroup distinctiveness and differentiate from the out-group, especially when group membership is a salient issue or the individual's identity and group membership is being threatened. Youth from a variety of cultures interact with social media and information sites on the Internet. He or she can intervene and rephrase a statement when two non-native group members have problems understanding each other. When traveling to different countries in which one is unfamiliar it is always best to do research prior to traveling. Of course, the existence of this space may be part of the cultural values these two communities learn to share, but cultural convergence may not always necessarily equate to loss of local identities as well. Then, neither of them is likely to evaluate the conversation since they have little chance of meeting again.
In fact, people can both converge at some levels and diverge through others at the same time. Cultural convergence is the growing similarity between national cultures, including the beliefs, values, aspirations, and the preferences of consumers. This covert cultural divergence is most difficult to deal with, as the team members, who expect a similar behaviour from the representatives of the same country cluster, are completely taken by surprise when they are suddenly confronted with a kind of behaviour they cannot interpret because it differs from their own. Another example in this respect is that, in spite the emphasis on efficiency, many a time are there too very long queues before the counter or at the drive-in. Only during the last few years has the issue of language been given the attention it deserves in the context of multicultural teams. Diversity is the unification of cultur … es, providing reasons why we are more alike than dis-similar. In the domain of mental health care for older individuals, research also suggests that the elderly are systematically disadvantaged when interacting with mental health professionals.
Divergence is interpreted to mean that a trend is weak or potentially unsustainable. Having no distinctive content, they are not likely to come into conflict with any local culture. The best effect will be achieved when the individual experiences consternation. In the area of jobs and employment, accommodation theory was believed to influence the satisfaction one has with his or her job and the productivity that that person possesses in said job through convergence with or divergence from the co-workers and their work environment. As English spread, values of the English-speaking world spread.
They had arrived by an oft-trodden path to an ancient point of divergence. Sometimes we as people do not have a rational way of thinking and this becomes a problem when communicating. Society Culture is a system of societal rules and behavior. For example viewing a book online. Thus, when one individual shifts speech and non-verbal behaviors in order to assimilate to the other it can result in a more favorable appraisal of him, that is: when convergence is perceived positively it is likely to enhance both the conversation and the attraction between the listener and the speaker. Proposition 2: Diversity in multicultural teams is a definite advantage, provided that sufficient time is allocated to team-building. A good example might be the French-fry machine, on whose schedule humans organize their activity.
Term folklore Definition Unwritten lore such as stories, proverbs, or songs of a folk culture Term food attraction Definition choices of food towards which certain people are inclined Term habit Definition something that one person does over and over again Term innovation adoption Definition study of how why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture Term material culture Definition culture that is palpable Term mentifacts Definition objects left by a culture that are impalpable Term non-material culture Definition culture that is impalpable Term popular culture Definition Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics. Language can also be instrumental in determining who holds a certain degree of power in the company. This is done to increase efficiency, especially when the native speakers perceive the non-native speakers as less competent communicators, or as the similarity-attraction theory predicts to increase attraction. This places the organisation in a very difficult situation: If both heterogeneity and homogeneity can be detrimental to group performance, what are the teams supposed to look like that are able to achieve these positive effects that researchers have been adamant to attribute to diverse teams? People in these professions need to be aware of the cultural factors that may affect others. Therefore, when a team is composed, Lau and Murnighan suggest paying attention to the potential existence or development of faultlines.
The term is used to describe a new era of transition where 'new and old media collide'. People tend to feel increasingly part of, included in, a global culture. In the Netherlands, a groenteburger or vegetable burger is on the menu. Intercultural competence is not acquired by approaching the issue of diversity exclusively from a cognitive perspective. Therefore, it is important for the professor to communicate in a way that the students are aware the professor has more authority than them. In these ways, Japanese culture mirrors the culture of the United States.
The Social Exchange Theory is a theory that looks at how people evaluate their relationships. Findings also demonstrated that, for example, in business settings, one is much more likely to accommodate and converge to the language of a superior, such as a manager, than to someone with less or equal amount of superiority, such as a co-worker. In a study conducted by Zuengler 1982 amongst Spanish and Greek speakers learning English, subjects were asked both ethnically threatening and neutral questions by a native English speaker. Nations with no history of Western-style constitutional politics established Western-style nation-states. Therefore, team-building exercises must be designed in such a way that they arouse an emotional response on the part of the group members. Cross-cultural adaptation occurs when people from one culture move to a different culture, learning the rules, societal norms, customs and language of the new culture. This nation of immigrants was built of cultures from all over converging here, and living together.
Another case where there is a need for divergence are when professionals are with clients. Key words: cultural diversity, multicultural teams, team performance Possible Effects of Workforce Diversity on Organisational and Group Performance The topic of workforce diversity has been widely treated in management literature over the past fifteen to twenty years. Flavors and recipes from other parts of the world became part of the standard cuisine in the English-speaking world. Figure 1 Figure 1: Balance Theory Gebert et al. This divergence of taste and sympathies is no laughing matter.
On the other hand, like the inter-group distinctiveness theory argues, several studies have revealed that when second language learners feel their social identity is threatened due to patronizing behavior towards their ethnic group they are more likely to engage in divergence. Culture is the specific traits, behaviors, attitudes, and traditions passed … on through the generations of families. Examples of this could include social network sites or wikis. This means that the speaker communicates in a way to ensure the speaker understands the content of the message. Cultural Studies — A Practical Introduction. The set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an … institution, organization or group the visible human imprint activity on the landscape.
Other factors that determine whether and to what extent individuals converge in interaction are their relational history, social norms and power variables. Communication Theories: Perspectives, Processes, and Contexts. However, the decision about accommodation is not always necessary. The Amish provide an easy example for understanding cultural divergence. At the same time, breaking away from groups that aren't serving you is painful but necessary to grow.