Literary Tradition Though both Mesopotamia and Egypt used writing as a way to keep records, their methods and objectives were different. These are some of the most famous developments during the era. Present-day India for its part is home to four major religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism. There many other groups name continent… 1284 Words 6 Pages Starting in the Indus River Valley then eventually spreading all over the world, Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world. In contrast to this, the layout of early Mesopotamian cities was quite irregular. The drains, made of brick, connected the baths and toilets of private houses to medium sized drains in the side streets.
Groups of skeletons in postures of flight have been found on the stairways at some sites. Through the archeological discoveries, we can infer some details into the lives of the people who originated in the cities of Mesopotamia. However, Mesopotamian civilization spread gradually across much of what is today Iraq, while ancient Egypt remained tightly arranged around the banks of the Nile River, surrounded by harsh desert. Just like the Indus society had priest rulers, the Indian society has the high class Indian Brahmins, which are seen as the priestly class. Excavations first conducted in 1921-22, in the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, both now in Pakistan, pointed to a highly complex civilization that first developed some 4,500-5,000 years ago, and subsequent archaeological and historical research has now furnished us with a more detailed picture of the Indus Valley Civilization and its inhabitants.
But like Sumer and its successor civilizations in the Middle East, Harappan civilization was unable to survive natural catastrophes and nomadic invasions. Cuneiform was the name of it, and wedge-shaped symbols represented words or syllables. The upkeep of roads was a royal responsibility, and the relationship between kings and subjects was obedience on the same level as worshipping gods. In the Indian case, the nomadic threat was remote, perhaps nonexistent for centuries. On the other hand, there is nothing to suggest that people from Mesopotamia reached the Indus, so it is clear that the Harappans conducted the trade between the two civilizations.
This allowed nomads and cave dwellers to become farmers and herders. Answer Similarities: Priests are very influential in both societies, both worshiped polytheism and both societies had laws of honesty to obey, they had a place to worship their Gods. Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a Pharaoh who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people. These granaries were massive for the time, and are said to be the equivalent of a state bank or treasury. Before the middle of the early dynastic period the king had his quarters in the temple area.
They traded with their neighbours to the West, Hawkes 1973:267 such items as metal ores for crafts, Hawkes 1973:270. Documents from old Babylonian periods state that they used herbs and animal parts. They also studied the inner organs of sacrificed animals to predict the future. Common to all cosmogonies of creation is the temple. They believe that the Indian government was theocratic and that a conservative priesthood governed. The men both wore light robes which left the right shoulder bare, wore beards with the upper lip shaved, and kept their long hair worn in a bun.
Though the Indus Valley script remains undeciphered down to the present day, the numerous seals discovered during the excavations, as well as statuary and pottery, not to mention the ruins of numerous Indus Valley cities, have enabled scholars to construct a reasonably plausible account of the Indus Valley Civilization. The Harappan peoples were deficient in military technology and organization. This is thought to be a strategic defense against intruders, which would confuse them in the maze of buildings. This urban culture flourished around 2250 B. The existence of the citadel along with the well planned city suggested a. They also developed a sewage and drainage system more advanced than many of those in the Middle East today. The streets were anywhere from 13 to 30 feet wide and the lanes were between 3.
True Grit is clearly set in a place with no boundaries. The obsession with fertility was also reflected in the veneration of sacred animals, especially bulls, and by the large quantity of phallic-shaped objects that have been found at Harappan sites. The relationship between the king and his subjects was complete obedience on the same level as worshipping gods. In contrast to the civilization of the Indus valley, the original civilization of China has survived nomadic incursions and natural catastrophes and profoundly influenced the course of all Chinese history. They had a government system similar to a monarchy, where, as the head of state, the pharaoh had absolute power. One could argue that the first civilizations had various similarities, but they also had many differences, that of which made them early civilizations.
This practice corresponded to the rise and setting of the sun which represented the cycle of life itself. Mesopotamia was always a loose collection of separate states, often unified only in the sense that they shared the same religion and writing system. There were enormous granaries built in each village 5. The Indus plain is surrounded by high mountains, desert and ocean, and at that time there were dense forests and swamps to the east. Documents from old Babylonian periods say that they used herbs and animal parts. The 60-minute hour, 60-second minute, and 360 degrees in a circle are results of Mesopotamia while the chariot peoples probably had their most lasting effect in India, where they set many of the basic patterns of Indian life and belief, patterns that remain firm and powerful even to the present day.