Titchener put great stock in the systematic work of , whose psychophysics advanced the notion that it was indeed possible to measure mental phenomena Titchener 1902, p. The enduring traditions, attitudes, ideas, and behaviors shared by a large group of people constitute theirA culture. The personality theorist, Sigmund Freud, was an AustrianA chemist. Social Psychology Social psychologists study how people influence one another. C providing therapy to troubled people. A behavioralB cognitiveC neuroscienceD behavior genetics 73.
However, his investments collapsed in 1881 and he died a few months later. Experimental group In a controlled experiment, the groupsubjected to a change in the independent variable. Which seventeenth-century European philosopher believed that some ideas are innate? D potential for healthy growth. A behavioral; social-cultural B evolutionary; behavioral C social-cultural; neuroscience D neuroscience; evolutionary 13. Introspection was a technique that relies on self-observation. Decision Although we are constantly learning and discovering new things, we need to make a decision that we are going to actively aspire to discovering ourselves. The study may also have caused the participants to experience some distr … ess because when they were debriefed afterwards and found out the aim, they may have felt very embarrassed and mad that they weren't told about it before.
Titchener believed that by systematically defining and categorizing the elements of the mind, researchers could understand the structure of the mental processes. In addition to his career as a distinguished and much-loved professor, Titchener served as the editor of several prominent journals including Mind, Studies from the Department of Psychology of Cornell University, and the American Journal of Psychology. His notoriety quickly spread until he became recognized in his day as the foremost experimental psychologist in America. Independent variable In anexperiment, the variable that is manipulated to test its effects on the otherdependent variables. Theycollect data through careful, systematic observation; attempt to explain whatthey have observed by developing theories; make new predictions based on thosetheories; and then systematically test those predictions through additionalobservations and experiments to determine whether they are correct.
C behavior is influenced by environmental conditions. Metabolism is the set of chemical reactions that occur in living organisms in order to maintain life. Debates as to whether the excessive use of alcohol is biologically determined or culturally influenced are most relevant to the issue of A nature and nurture. Which specialty area does his research best represent? If they focused more on the workings of the human mind, they would have to consider bio-chemical rea … ctions that were occurring during the behavior. A behavior geneticsB psychodynamicC behavioralD cognitive 67. Psychological differences between the genders areA of little interest to contemporary psychologists. Titchener's effect on the history of psychology, as it is taught in classrooms, was partially the work of his student.
About half of all psychologistspecialize in clinical or counseling psychology. Edward Titchener, a student of Wundt, built on Wundt's foundation of objective introspection. Term Margaret Washburn Definition the first female psychology Ph. He conceived of hydrogen and oxygen as structures of a chemical compound, and sensations and thoughts as structures of the. For example, whereas emphasised the relationship between elements of consciousness, Titchener focused on identifying the basic elements themselves. Representative sample Sample carefully chosen so that thecharacteristics of the participants correspond closely to the characteristicsof the larger population.
An Internet search for his work will reward you with numerous reprints of his books. Prior to the introduction of experimental psychology, most of the world considered psychology to be pure philosophy, or in other words, unproven theories. This research is an example of correlational research. Who suggested that the mind at birth is a blank sheet upon which experience writes? While Wundt is sometimes identified as the founder of structuralism, Titchener theories differed in important ways from Wundt's. A PlatoB AristotleC John LockeD Charles Darwin 44. Much of his work focused on sensations, and he concluded that there are over 40,000 sensations that comprise thought, primarily related to vision and hearing. A Wilhelm WundtB John B.
However, although his idea of structuralism thrived while he was alive and championing for it, structuralism did not live on after his death. WatsonB Sigmund FreudC Carl RogersD Charles Darwin 12. In contrast, to whatextent is behavior caused or triggered by factors outside the person such asincentives, cues in the environment, and the presence of other people? Wilhelm Wundt began his psychology career by studying and applying science to the study of the human mind. Life-span psychologists , who focus on the adult years. A social-culturalB cognitiveC evolutionaryD psychodynamic 65. Physiological Psychology PhysiologicalPsychologists investigate the biological basis of human behavior, thoughts, andemotions. When he was 9, Titchener was sent to live with his paternal grandparents and two aunts.
First, there was the fear of sparking off unrest among the convicts. Behaviorists dismissed the value ofA science. A behavioral B cognitive C evolutionary D psychodynamic 11. A evolutionary psychologyB Freudian psychologyC behavior geneticsD behaviorism 22. Lesson Summary Edward Titchener was a prominent psychologist in the United States at an early age.
Aristotle suggested that a meal makes us sleepy by causing heat to collect around theA brain. Efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their biology or by their home environments are most directly relevant to the debate regardingA structuralism and functionalism. Titchener went on to in Germany to study with Wundt in autumn 1890. C conscious thoughts and feelings. The cognitive perspective in psychology focuses on howA feelings are influenced by blood chemistry. This research involves a technique known asA behavior genetics. WatsonC Sigmund FreudD William James 14.