Total T4 or fT4 Ans: C 47. Amy is pregnant with her first child. Thyroxine T4 Ans: A 51. When you have completed the practice exam, a green submit button will appear. The pancreas is an example of a mixed gland because it secretes hormones into circulation, such as insulin and glucagon, while also releasing an exocrine secretion, pancreatic juice.
Thyroid gland The thyroid gland lies against the pharynx at the base of the neck. Insulin is the hormone responsible for the entrance of glucose from blood into cells. Where is the alopecia typically seen? Other endocrine glands Among the other endocrine glands are the ovaries and testes. The thymus gland is located in the neck tissues. It consists of two lateral lobes connected by an isthmus.
Look for adrenal tumour, if negative look for pituitary tumour B. When the blood level of an adenohypophyseal hormone is low, the hypothalamus stimulates the secretion of the hormone. Epinephrine increases heart rate, blood pressure, and the blood supply to skeletal muscles. Which of the following is a hypoglycemic medication? Exocrine glands are a glands whose secretions are released externally through ducts into the skin, the intestinal lumen, the mouth, etc. Enlargement of the thyroid gland is called A.
Its functions are largely unknown, but it seems to regulate mating behaviors and day-night cycles. What are the most common clinical signs? Mineralisation of the adrenals Ans: C 80. Jennifer Loh, chief of the department of endocrinology for in Hawaii. The adrenal parenchymal structure is divided into two parts: the most outlying part is the cortical portion, or the adrenal cortex, and the central part is the medullary portion, or the adrenal medulla. Decreases in serum concentration C. How are insulin and glucagon involved in blood glucose control? Hormone imbalances can have a significant impact on the reproductive system, particularly in women, Loh explained.
From there it becomes much easier to figure out what the resulting assessment findings will uncover. Lutenising Hormone Ans: C 3. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones in the appropriate ways. Identify other abdominal problems C. Linked to albumin Ans: B 11. Thyroxine production depends on the availability of iodine.
It also releases fat from the adipose tissue so the fat can be used for the production of carbohydrates. Additional reporting by Alina Bradford, Live Science contributor. Nowadays, this method is not used due to the danger of contaminating the tester with disease agents possibly present in the patient's urine. Addison disease Ans: A 21. The second pancreatic hormone, glucagon, stimulates the breakdown of glycogen to glucose in the liver. Besides their hormonal function, adrenaline and noradrenaline also act as neurotransmitters. The adrenal medulla produces two hormones: epinephrine adrenaline and norepinephrine noradrenaline.
Her urine output on day two is 10 liters a day. Patients receiving immunosuppressants such as glucocorticoids therefore have an increased risk of infectious and neoplastic diseases. All of the above Ans: E 79. Lethargy, dullness, inappetance Ans: B 67. Cretinism is caused by a chronic deficiency of thyroid hormones T3 and T4 during childhood.
Increases in serum concentration B. As table salt is a widely used condiment, the supply of iodine in the diet is almost always assured by this method. What non-specific tests are often abnormal on a haematology and biochemistry profile? What is the difference between endocrine glands and exocrine glands? The three main signs of diabetes mellitus are known as the diabetic triad: polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia. What is a possible diagnosis for a middle-age woman with thinning hair, fatigue, irritability, and weight gain? Why is the endocrine system considered one of the integrative systems of the body? What are their respective functions? What is the mechanism for deficiency of thyroid hormones in majority of cases? Weight loss, Bradycardia, Constipation C. . What are the main endocrine glands of the human body? Diabetic patients are often advised to ingest less carbohydrates since these substances are broken down into glucose and this molecule is absorbed in the intestines. Calcitonin is a hormone of the adrenal cortex.
Patients with transplanted organs are prone to host versus graft rejection, since their own immune system tends to attack the grafted organ because it recognizes the grafted tissue as foreign material. The adrenal cortical sex hormones are androgens, male sex hormones present in both men and women. A deficiency of iodine causes thyroid gland enlargement, a condition called goiter. What treatment would you recommend? Severe hypothyroidism characterized by dry, puffy skin, somnolence, slow mentation, and hoarseness is known as A. This typically happens as a result of treatment for diabetes when too much insulin is taken.