Apart from the locations of various sessions, make sure you also note important facts pertaining to them. He was a revolutionary poet, journalist, activist and freedom fighter. This was the first time that the Indian people had not only participated in, but also organised an agitational campaign. When the formation of the Congress is talked about the role of a single individual — Alan Octavian Hume — who organised the first Congress Session in 1885, often comes into focus. Here a positive and the interpretive research philosophy can be applied because the labour legislations done by Indian national congress have had a positive effect on the growth of the Indian economy as a whole. An eminent lawyer, he served as the Advocate-General of Madras Presidency from 1916-1920.
In its initial days, the party was not formed to demand independence from British rule. B Kripilani Who is the Most elected Congress President? Since then he was the face of Congress and the Indian freedom movement. In fact, Jawaharlal Nehru was the founder of the Non-Alignment Movement. One of the Congress objectives was the eradication. He was backed by rising public leaders like and , , who held the same point of view.
The fingers of the hand are pressed together. With the election of Mohandas K. This work will investigate the problems encountered by the different sectors of the labouring class, the discrepancies in labour legislations and try to find solution to the emerging problems and loop holes in the legislations. The association was supported mainly by younger professional men among the Bengali intelligentsia. In 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to graduates of the. There was an emergent need of voice in the government and this nationalist sentiment of being a part and representing the government bodies was personified by a prominent member Dadabhai Naoroji who successfully contested an election to the British House of Commons, thus becoming the eldest Indian statesman. Background of labour legislation by the Indian National Congress in India After Independence, naturally, the labouring class of India kept high hopes from the Indian National Congress and wanted much preference.
Hume invited eminent Indians from different parts of the country to meet at Poona from 25th to 28th December 1885. Gandhi is one of the most important members of the Indian nationalist movement solely on the basis of influence and mass support gathered by his vision of non-violence, religious pluralism, swaraj and a upliftment of the downtrodden. British-controlled India, known as the , or just the Raj, worked to try to support and justify its governance of India with the aid of English-educated Indians, who tended to more familiar with and friendly to British culture and political thinking. The hard-core evidence in support of this is present in front of everyone's eyes: P Ananda Charlu, founder of The Hindu and Madras Mahajan Sabha, was one of the founding fathers of the Congress! Kripalani presided over the Meerut session in 1947. His first strike was the Chambaran Satyagraha in 1917.
They favoured strong protests against the government and armed strikes. The important leaders of the period were Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lal Lajpat Rai, Arobindo Ghose and Bipin Chandrapal. Moreover the ordinary population of India was not at all concerned about the organization. The Indian National Congress tried its level best to codify the labour laws. When did Indian National Congress Founded? As Congress came under the influence of in the 1920s, further former-students from Britain became prominent within the party such as and. Allan Octavian Hume a prominent Englishman and civil servant then in India assumed office as general secretary and Womesh Chandra banerjee of Calcutta was elected president.
The historic dimensions of labour and employee legislations date back to the times of Indian freedom movement, when the Indian National Congress focused on the poor state of the labour class under the British rule. A whole new generation of leaders arose from different parts of India, who were committed Gandhians , , , , — as well as hot-blooded nationalists aroused by Gandhi's active leadership — , ,. He was a staunch advocate of provinces divided on linguistic lines. He is the only person to have been appointed president of the Indian National Congress, the Muslim League and the All India Khilafat Committee. Formation of Indian National Congress By 1885, the need for the formation of all-India level political organisation had become an common necessity. Congress iscredited with securing independence for India and since then 7prime ministers of India belonged to this party. .
He also presided over the 1936 sessions in Lucknow and the 1937 session in Faizpur. Most books on Indian history deal with Congress, here a few examples that go into specific depth: Bose, Subhas Chandra, The Indian Struggle, 1920-1942 Calcutta: Netaji Research Bureau, 1964 Kaul, Chandrika, Reporting the Raj: The British Press and India c. The Gandhian era started with his strike against the Rowlett Act of 1919. The partition of Bengal in 1905 and the British government's ecomomid exploitation helped the growth of the militant nationalism. While most were open to the benefits of Western influences and the socio-economic egalitarianism of socialism, they were opposed to being defined by either model. The earliest Founder of the Grand Old Party was himself an Englishman ;-. The present hand symbol was first used by Indira Gandhi as she split from the old faction and created the New Congress.
The books of Madame Blavatsky, Viceroys Ripon and Duffering, we discover that these gurus were supposed to possess supernatural powers! He is also the recipient of Living Legends of Law Award of Recognition by the International Bar Association. Express photo by Prem Nath Pandey. · Nehru became the president for the first time. Nehru openly backed Kripalani to oppose Tandon, but neglected courtesy to Patel upon the question. Its aim was to obtain a greater share in government for educated Indians, and to create a platform for civic and political dialogue between them and the British Raj.
The second session presided by him witnessed a tussle between two sections of the party —one which accepted dominion status and the other which wanted complete independence. The Hindu, Tribune, Bengalee, Mahratta, The Kesari and Amrita Bazar Patrika. Freedom of speech and press for the defence of their civil rights. The Indian Association spearheaded by Surendranath Banerjee acted as a catalyst in creating awareness by undertaking mobilization activity against the injustices done to Indians in general and to Surendranath Banerjee in particular. Indian National Congress Party reqires youth? The Congress led India to Independence in 1947 after a long but remarkably peaceful struggle.
He became the president of the congress in 1891. The founder of the party was an Englishman named Allen Octavian Hume who was a popular ornithologist. Subsequently, it turned into Indian National Congress. The trade union movement dates back to the pre independent era in India and is still a ripe and proper source for the working class to get themselves heard by the authorities and government. Name a revolutionary of Punjab.