The inflexibility of the common law system left the people distressed since they were unable to obtain relief from the Kings Bench which administered the legal system. This centralisation of the courts enabled a small group of legal individuals to flourish, developing a legal procedure that was repeatable and controllable, empowered initially by the king. Remedies in Equity Law As discussed above, the remedies provided under the equity law have been viewed as extraordinary remedies, as opposed to limiting remedies to monetary relief alone. The , once thought to have been given its authority by a statute of 1487, is now believed to have evolved from the royal council, which began acting as a judicial committee in the early 16th century. To do this he arranged all the local custom based laws, discarding the laws which would not work, and keeping the laws which he thought did work. This meant that to start a case in the common law courts, the would be litigant had to be able to fit his claim into one of the existing types of writ - if this could not be done then there was little chance of justice. When equity was developed it acted as a safety valve in two ways, allowing people access to the court without going through the writ system and access to more solutions.
This was due largely to the early sophistication of the Anglo-Norman system. The Clash of Equity and Common Law The presence of the two courts led to the inevitable clash between the court of Common Law and the Court of Chancery. He also allowed others to allow to him to sort out any problems that link to land. People began petitioning the King for relief against unfair judgments, and as the number of petitioners rapidly grew, so the King delegated the task of hearing petitions to the Lord Chancellor. Local customs only operated in a particular area. They had no professional lawyers or judges; instead, literate clergymen acted as administrators. As a result of these problems many people either had no right to take their case to court or wanted another solution.
However, by the end of. In the legal world, equity means this and much more. . Yet, due process legislation could. Often, this form of relief is in practical terms more valuable to a litigant; for example, a plaintiff whose neighbor will not return his only milk cow, which had wandered onto the neighbor's property, may want that particular cow back, not just its monetary value. Where the collective responsibility of kin-groups had once served as the basis of dispute settlement, it now became the responsibility and the prerogative or feudal lords to see that justice was done.
Whenever the law courts provided inadequate remedies for a case, the parties petitioned to the king who resolved them according to the dictates of justice. In medieval English trust law, the settlor was known as the feoffor to uses while the trustee was known as the to uses and the beneficiary was known as the use, or cestui que trust. Civil actions in these courts had to be started by a writ a legal document , which set out the cause of the action or the grounds for the claim made, and there grew up different types of writ. Relevant to the hierarchy of the courts, was the right of appeal that was formed initially through writ procedures. In Roman law and most other legal systems, there was a fusion of law and equity. Initially, when circumstances arose that were not covered by an existing writ, a new one was created.
In common law, if someone wants their case to be heard in court, they have to fit their complaints into the existing writs. The constitutional convention of 1787 discussed briefly and adopted a few procedural rights. The overturning of the decision would not be due to a defect in the judgement but due to the hard conscience of the party who had judgement in his favour. The power of the monarch gradually reduced and in the 1640s the English Civil War was fought between King Charles I and Parliament, in part over the issue of the king making decisions without consulting Parliament. The constitution created a parliamentary structure and a voting system that was going to be taken advantage of by the anger and bitterness of the Weimar agreeing to the treaty of Versailles. Specifically, it needs clear rules on the one hand, but flexibility on the other to produce exceptions to cases that lead to apparently incongruous or unjust conclusions if the rules are… The origins of common law are the England and Christianity. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries the Chancery became more rigid in their approach and began to follow their own past decisions in order to make a decision for the case in front of them.
An account of the development of common law in the Tudor-Stuart period would be incomplete without mention of , who combined a distinguished career as a barrister and a judge and produced a wealth of legal writings. It also overcame once and for all the problematic writ system as new cases could now be started. This chapter discusses the development of equity. This decision ensured the continuation of equity as a system of law available to supplement the common law. In the past, the common law largely depended on the judicial precedents, which were much formal and rigid. The judges of the court were styled masters of requests, and they had many other duties, which often caused delays.
The Judicature Acts 1873 brought the administration of the law and equity and common law under a single court system. However, some names of the courts were changed. It might be defined as the body of rules that defines conduct that is prohibited by the state because it is held to threaten, harm or otherwise endanger the safety and welfare of the public, and that sets out the punishment to be imposed on those who breach these laws. Likewise, certain kinds of writs, such as warrants and subpoenas, still exist in the modern practice of common law. Indeed, a famous example of its use is the 1805 case of Pierson v. The procedures in a court of equity were much more flexible than the courts at common law.
New Horizons in Law and Economics. When the builders asked for the balance of £482, the Rees announced the work was defective, and they were only prepared to pay £300. As well as this central government the king appointed judges who travelled to major towns to decide any important cases. The common law and equity eventually got fused together by the Judicature Act 1873-75 which means that both common law and the Court of Chancery are now unified and there were no longer different courts and procedures for those seeking equitable and common law remedies. Clarendon Law Series 2nd ed.