Furthermore, I will discuss how his… 3280 Words 14 Pages Who were the writers of the Declaration of Independence? You could say Hobbes influenced the Declaration of Independence but he really only made a point for people to argue against. Without the influence of Rousseau, it is difficult to imagine where we would be today. A study guide to the book. Social Contract also had a major impact on the French Revolution. Berkeley and a Masters degree from the University of Oxford. It was addressed to the supreme Judge of the World Court; basically it was a petition to the world to be recognized as a legitimate government. He wrote about nature, but lived in crowded Paris.
But, if the government becomes too powerful and does not protect these rights, then the people have the obligation to remove that government revolt and replace it with a government that does respect and protect the rights of all. By that time the Congress had already taken long steps toward severing ties with Britain. Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome influenced the United StatesDeclaration of Independence as general inspirations for theFounders on behalf of 'natural rights' and self-government alike,among other socio-political and philosophical concepts. The right of the colonists to government ultimately of their own choice is valid. If Thomas Jefferson was a student at the United States Sergeant Major Academy, and he submitted his Declaration of Independence to turn it in would he pass? And therefore, if the people did not like what the government was doing, they had the right of rebellion. Another important document was the Mayflower Compact. English colonists arrived in America and settled the colonies and brought with them the ideas of government that had been developing in England for many centuries.
The first three premises of his argument is that humans are 1 Egoistic, everyone acts in their own self interest. The violation of inalienable rights was a defining characteristic of a tyrannical government, and only against such a government is revolution justified. Look at two men and you, give the decision. While they may not be best suited to be direct rulers, the general population had a right to determine their leaders and laws. A related idea of Montesquieu's was that of checks and balances, or the notion that each branch of government should have a way to curtail the power of the other so that no one is superior. This quote pretty much summarises his belief on humanity: Reason, which is that Law teaches all Mankind, who would but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his Life, Health, Liberty, or Possessions.
That all the power comes from the people. Government would also only rule through the consent of the people. It was this class as well, to which the majority of our founding fathers belonged and whose interests they upheld and spoke for See James Beard's work on the economic foundations of the Constitution. His philosophies and extraordinary literary influence inspired philosophers, authors, and government officials. It was the first document to challenge the authority of the king, subjecting him to the rule of the law and protecting nobles from feudal abuse.
His claims that only when individualism was abandoned and society worked together was there the best outcome definitely gives us an indication of that. At the request of his fellow committee members he wrote the first draft. After all the debates are finished, class members should discuss which one of the four philosophers they agree with the most and why. He believed that instead of seeking freedom by pulling away from the law, one should follow it more closely. Locke and Jefferson were both classical liberals who believed in limited government, freedom and rights granted by a creator. The Declaration of Independence then goes on to state that the Colonies have the full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract Alliances, establish commerce, ad do all that an independent state would do.
Constitution was the document put forth by the Continental Congress to set into motion the laws of the newly formed country. This theory, in effect, argued that some had to be forced to be free. I will examine the main writer of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson and look at the sources he used to begin our country. Image of the Declaration of Independence 1776 taken from an engraving made by printer William J. He concluded that a government elected by the people was the best form, but it depended on maintaining the right balance of power.
His article described checks and balances on government by dividing the functions of power between three separate branches of government to protects liberty. Additionally, Voltaire was a staunch supporter of the freedom of speech, which is emphasized by the American Constitution. Montesquieu viewed the English king as exercising executive power balanced by the law-making Parliament, which was itself divided into the House of Lords and the House of Commons, each checking the other. On the other hand, he has very euro-centric thoughts and a bit racist if we unfold his quotes on black people. He has endeavored to prevent the population of these states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands. The war ended with the beheading of the king.
A number of significant thinkers, with new philosophies, had inspired creativeness and change. As the absolute rule of kings weakened, Enlightenment philosophers argued for different forms of democracy. He holds Bachelor's degrees in English and history from U. Space does not permit a discussion of that theory here. Locke is also known for the theory of the social contract whichstates:.