The herald of the Latines Hath hied him back in state ; The Fathers of the city Are met in high debate. But in spite of the many abuses of power by individual tribunes, the best historians and statesmen agree that the greatness of Rome and its long duration were largely attributa- ble to the institution of this office. Or Mettius ; an old Italian name, in use among the Lat- ins and Sabines. I see the purple vest; I see the golden helmet That shines far off like flame ; So ever rides Mamilius, Prince of the Latian name. The exploits of Athelstane were commemorated by the Anglo- Saxons, and those of Canute by the Danes, in rude poems, of which a few fragments have come down to us. They finally became the most powerful magistrates in the state, and in the latter days of the republic were veritable tyrants. It is really a double plural like brethren , the A.
The ancient lays, unjustly despised by the learned and polite, linger for a time in the memory of the vulgar, and are at length too often irretrievably lost. The latter part of the statement, though repeated by many writers, is erroneous, for even if the distance were not too great, the nearer mountains of Elba would shut out those of Sardinia from the view. And every Alban burgher Hath donned his whitest gown ; And every head in Alba Weareth a poplar crown ; 20 And every Alban door-post With boughs and flowers is gay ; For to-day the dead are living, The lost are found to-day. To eat noisily ; cognate with chew, jaw, and the Greek yetfupai jaws. Never, I ween, did swimmer, In such an evil case, Struggle through such a raging flood 52 Safe to the landing-place ; But his limbs were borne up bravely By the brave heart within, And our good father Tiber Bare bravely up his chin. Then the good sword of Aulus Was lifted up to slay ; Then, like a crag down Apennine, Rushed Auster through the fray. The Fabian race was one of the most ancient patrician families at Rome, tracing its origin to Hercules and Evander.
As it is, the ungracious reader could make no such suggestion. It is sometimes called the Tarqninian Lake, be- cause its western shore adjoined the territory of Tarquinii. It drains a remarkable valley, thirty miles long, and so level that the waters from the surrounding hills would flow almost indifferently in either direction. It is only eight miles in circumference, but elevated and rocky, so that it is conspicuous from a distance. As we wax hot in faction, In battle we wax cold: Wherefore men fight not as they fought In the brave days of old. By the Nine Gods he swore it, And named a trysting day, And bade his messengers ride forth, East and west and south and north, To summon his array.
Such is the origin of ballad-poetry, a species of composition which scarcely ever fails to spring up and flourish in every society at a certain point in the progress towards re- finement. That union, however, proved indissoluble. The Patres Conscripti, or senators. Some few truths are so simple and single that they can be stated without any guard or reservation ; the historian who thinks much has to convey to his reader many suggestions of doubt or hesitation. The best Latin epic poetry is the feeble echo of the Iliad and Odyssey. How it found its way into Ma- riana's history is quite clear.
Then the fierce trumpet-flourish From earth to heaven arose ; 630 The kites know well the long stern swell That bids the Romans close. Macaulay by repetition and accumula- tion of particulars. There Cilnius of Arretium On his fleet roan was seen; And Astur of the four-fold shield, Girt with the brand none else may wield, Tolumnius with the belt of gold, And dark Verbenna from the hold By reedy Thrasymene. For about two centuries the internal history of Rome is a record of the struggle be- tween the two orders. It is highly probable that the memory of the war of Porsena was preserved by compositions much resembling the two ballads which stand first in the Reliques of Ancient English Poetry.
In this we think he has done well, for Scott's style is as near to that of the ancient ballad as we conceive to be at all compatible with real popular effect on the modern mind. Latin poetry, the only school of which the works have de- scended to us. They are a delightful literary adventure which allow the reader to enjoy a high point in European culture while learning some incredible details of Roman history. It was an inland city of Etruria, in the valley of the Clanis cf. But, even in the paroxysms of fac- tion, the Roman retained his gravity, his respect for law, and his tender- ness for the lives of his fellow-citizens. The excitement, we may well suppose, would have been peculiarly intense at the annual election of tribunes. The townsmen shrank to right and left, And eyed askance with fear 30 His lowering brow, his curling mouth Which alway seemed to sneer.
Then shouted loud the Latines, And with one rush they bore The struggling Romans backward Three lances' length and more ; 380 And up they took proud Tarquin, And laid him on a shield, And four strong yeomen bare him, Still senseless, from the field. In Germany, the Lay of the Nibelungs had been long utterly forgotten, when, in the eighteenth century, it was for the first time printed from a manuscript in the old library of a noble family. The knights will ride, in all their pride, Along the streets to-day. In later times the luxurious living of the pontiffs became proverbial. For in the Twelve Tables, long before the time of the Licinian laws, a severe punishment was denounced against the citizen who should compose or recite verses reflecting on another. When the Achaean League entered into war with Rome, Corinth was its capital, and it was here that the Roman envoys were insulted. So Macaulay wrote The Lays of Ancient Rome, ballads that celebrate famous events in Roman history, written in a style and meter that would be appropriate for the ancient Romans.
He committed them to memory, an effort I would recommend, but at the very least they should be read by everyone. Debtors have been let out of the workhouses on condition of voting against the men of the people ; clients have been posted to hiss and interrupt the favorite candidates ; Appius Claudius Crassus has spoken with more than his usual eloquence and asperity ; all has been in vain ; Licinius and Sextius have a fifth time carried all the tribes ; work is suspended ; the booths are closed ; the plebeians bear on their shoul- ders the two champions of liberty through the Forum. They were vanquished in the lists and forever disgraced, while their injured wives were sought in marriage by great princes. I had begun to weep the moment Churchill began his recitation, for I remembered how my Aunt Alice--a contemporary of Sir Winston's--had often recited the very same passage to me. The original sense of the word seems to have been tired out, from which the transition is easy to pale from fatigue. The old Romans had some great virtues fortitude, temper- ance, veracity, spirit to resist oppression, respect for legiti- mate authority, fidelity in the observing of contracts, disin- terestedness, ardent patriotism ; but Christian charity and chivalrous generosity were alike unknown to them.
He takes his stand on the spot where, according to tradition, Virginia, more than seventy years ago, was seized by the pander of Appius, and he be- gins his story. Macaulay, for a few days with the ancient Romans. The name Anxur is often used for metrical reasons by the Roman poets. When those disabilities were removed, she rapidly became more than a match for Carthage and Macedon. This is no Grecian fable, Of fountains running wine, 10 Of maids with snaky tresses, Or sailors turned to swine. The theatres and temples of the Greek and the Roman were degraded into the quarries of the Turk and the Goth. There can be as little doubt that the family of an eminent man would preserve a copy of the speech which had been pro- nounced over his corpse.
It enlivens the dul- ness of the Universal History, and gives a charm to the most meagre abridgments of Goldsmith. Its situa- tion near the river may be inferred from its name, from the fact that Livy mentions it in connection with inundations, and from a passage in Varro R. The whole difficulty is removed if we suppose that Dionysius was merely quoting Fabius Pictor. The Porta Flumentana must have been in the short piece of wall between the Capitoline Hill and the Tiber. But in the historical period the whole of the eastern and southern parts of the Peloponnesus was in their possession.