Absolutist France became the most powerful state in Europe. For God fears not the power of any one, because he made both great and small and he has care for both. Most of these wars resulted in little actual benefits for the victor. France would have one faith, namely, Catholicism. They have pushed your revenues and your expenses to unprecedented heights. Colbert boosted French industry and trade and developed the country's transportation system, but he also instituted a system of high taxes that fell directly on the common people because the nobles refused to pay.
His Reign 72 years and 110 days is one of the longest in French and European History. The Wars of Religion A. He vowed he would never be so weak that he could not have power. Although, the concept of absolutism was prese. Over 200,000 Huguenots fled the country. But Louis was quite serious.
In this way, the people were trapped: they paid their taxes to a body that expanded as a result and that made it an even better collector of revenue. Meanwhile, your people die of hunger as the cultivation of the soil is not producing enough food. Louis had to have money because he liked to go to war, hoping to increase his power in France by increasing France's power in the world. This king demands and receives the power to make laws, tax his subjects, control the government, regulate relations with foreign nations, command the army, and administer justice. Louis forced mistresses to pay calls on Queen b. Louis selected governors, intendants, and bishops who would be loyal to him.
My son, the work of a king is agreeable. They both took power from them in different ways. After the occurrence of the Fronde, an open rebellion of In 1685, Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes and put the Edict of Fontainebleau in its place. This was the easiest way for the king to raise money, as well as to enhance loyalty. The conflict is followed by the war Holland, 1672 that begins and ends in 1678 by the Peace of Nijmegen.
Absolutism was at least in part an attempt to reassert public order and coercive state authority after wars of religion had raged through much of Europe. The outcomes of these two struggles were very different. He emphasizes on the hard work and dedication a king should put in, in order to maintain his absolute power. In October 1685, Louis issued the Edict of Fontainebleau. In Henry, this is what they got. It was this great minister most to be admired that, finding the regency shaken by the factions of so many great ones within, and awed by the terror of the Spanish greatness without, durst resolve to look them both in the face, and begin a war by the course of which for so many years being continued by Mazarin till the year 1660 the crown of France grew to be powerfully armed; the peasants were accustomed to payments which could have seemed necessary only in time of war, and which none but a successful one could have helped to make tolerable and grew stolid as they grew poor. The Edict of Nantes had given them certain political privileges 5.
In turn, absolute monarchs obliged the Church by persecuting religious minorities. Louis built his rule more on ceremony than on intelligence and sense. He came up with some innovations of his own. Colbert became the chief proponent of French mercantilist policies, which emphasized economic self-sufficiency. Of course, his mother, Anne of Austria, ruled as regent until he could reach his majority. Louis also gained support from people by reforming France's foreign policy.
The first king is limited in his powers. The royal propaganda machine provided ideological legitimacy by cranking out images of the king as a glorious monarch. This book has become a personal interest to me because through this book I learnt various new and astonishing things. It was impossible to be a while financial resources were so precarious, while no nationwide police force existed, and while the state of communications remained so poor. In exchange for acknowledgement by the nobles of monarchical legitimacy, the king confirmed their privileges, including titles, ownership of land, and seigniorial rights over peasants. He or she made the laws, executed the laws, and judged those who violated the laws. An absolute monarchy has total political power over its sovereign state and people.
In France power became far more centralized than in England. Under the theory of absolutism, sovereignty is grounded in God, not the people. Historians have tended to use it ever since. On the heels of these improvements Sully devised a system of royal officials, which came to be known as intendants, to wield the king's power throughout the country. For nearly thirty years, your principal Ministers have destroyed and reversed all the ancient customs of the state in order to raise your authority to its highest level.