In such cases it is more difficult to adapt the organizational activities in dynamic environment. Personnel selection, assignment, and promotion are based on the possession of skills required for specific tasks. Involved stakeholders ensure that there is a chronological way of having a standardized flow of authority applied with the employees. Difference Mechanistic Organisation Structure: 1. Again, it is manufacturing companies that are well known for this type of structure but there are other groups that benefit from mechanistic organization; like universities. Other types of companies that would use the organic organizational structure would be smaller, high tech firms and niche product firms that need to respond quickly to changing environments The business environment, 2009, p.
Disadvantages of Mechanistic Organization Work overload on manager In mechanistic organization there is the provision of centralized authority and decision making authority is vested in top level manager. Internal environment stable environment is relatively stable the companies can work with themselves without outside help. The reconciliation, for each level in the hierarchy, of these distinct performances by the immediate superiors, who are also, in turn, responsible for seeing that each is relevant in his own special part of the main task. The atmosphere is more collegial: The employees are more friendly and respectful to each other so that there is more information and suggestions rather than instructions, directions and decisions from higher ups passed on down. Revisiting Burns and Stalker: Formal structure and new venture performance in emerging economic sectors. The more written rules and policies that an organization has, the more formalized it is. There are strict company policies or operating standards with an abundance of documentation.
Organic Models When compared to mechanistic models, organic models of structure emphasize autonomy amongst both management and employees. At least two criticisms are generally made about mechanistic organizations. Mechanistic organisation structure expects subordinates to obey and be loyal to superiors and the organisation. Advantages of a mechanistic structure include the centralization of authority wherein the management team established a uniform way of enticing services to operate as one unit. The term mechanistic suggests that organizational structures, processes, and roles are like a machine in which each part of the organization does what it is designed to do. Academy of Management Journal, 8, 220-227. It emphasizes on manager's authority rather than expertise of employees.
Organic organizations are less formal and more flexible than traditional organizations and are characterized by such things as flexibility, informality, and knowledge based authority. The assessment process aims to identify the proposed benefits that are mentioned and monitored by the planning phase made by the leaders. Often, there are often a lot of employees that work in horizontal clusters, rather than invertical clusters. This allows the organically structured workplace to be more progressive and adaptable to change, as the business is not as rigidly structured as in a mechanistic model. . And in this competitive market environment, quick decision and its implementation is essential for business success.
Organic organisation structure does not follow hierarchy of command. This allows for a well-defined, stable working environment for the entire business. Organization or company is required to develop, integrated business and administrative processes, putting in place strategic measures and controls to meet its corporate and business goals. The mechanistic organizational structure also lets a company benefit through economies of scale, especially as applied to mass production. Because in the environment stable the task and problem not change much, each task is stable and easy to control. Organic organizations are generally flat and decentralized, with little reliance on formal authority, which enables faster decision making Carpenter et al. This will ensure better supervision of the employees through proper guidance and control.
It follows hierarchy of command. The spread of commitment to the concern beyond any technical definition. Tasks are assigned to people according to their capabilities and skills and not hierarchical positions. As a result, research carried out by Tom Burns and George Stalker in the 1960s resulted in the development and fruition of two distinct Organizational Structures — mechanistic and organic. In centralized firms, important decisions are made at the executive level, whereas in decentralized firms, decision making is delegated to lower levels of management who are closer to the issues at hand The business environment, 2009, p. They have a lot of products and plans and they need many reliable suppliers and cheap labor.
The fulfillment of more formalization makes difficulty for quick decision and smooth functioning of the organization. Organic organisation structure is more suitable for organisations operating in a dynamic environment. The management team of every organization is developing innovative tools to ensure that the structure is always built on a stronger foundation. Mechanistic structures are highly formalized, which simply means that nearly all processes and procedures have been administratively authorized. Conversely, flat structures have only a few layers of management and there are larger numbers of employees reporting to each manager.
Eliot once worked for a performance auto center, an experience he draws from to write informative articles in automotive theory, maintenance and customization. The organic structure and the mechanistic structure are about as different as anything can be. An organic structure provides the flexibility for this strategy. His academic background allows him to write articles in all fields of education, as well as science and philosophy. Without clear leadership, momentum toward company goals can shift and become diluted, fragmenting into differing approaches among various teams in the company. Mechanistic organization is relatively easier and simpler to organize, but rapid change is very challenging. It helps for timely flow of information.