There will be some natural disasters, but if one is prepared they will not cause harm. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. Both disagreed with Mencius' views on human nature. For example, a farming family produces food while here in the west,… 1435 Words 6 Pages Conflicting Perspectives — Julius Caesar Personalities, events or situations often elicit conflicting perspectives. The moral power of the true king is so great that he can unify the whole country without a single battle, since the people will come to him of their own accord to live under his beneficent rule. He also state that there are sages working to help man learn to be good.
Ancient and Early Medieval Chinese Literature: A Reference Guide, Part Three. Good and evil, Human, Humans 1148 Words 4 Pages I think that Confucius was more correct in his views than Mencius, not because of differing views although they did differ at certain points , but because of the way these ideas were carried out throughout his career, and ultimately, his life. Most are guided by self-interest, especially in wealth or profit. Our opponents create the opportunity. The question of human nature has been a topic that even the greatest philosophers have struggled with.
People are born with a blank mind with a desire of some knowledge. This is accomplished by being benevolent. These subjects combine together to portray a message. Unlike many other early philosophers, Xunzi does not believe Heaven gets involved in human affairs. This encourages us to keep working for righteousness in the world even if no one else appreciates it. Mencius states that man is capable of learning because his nature is good, but I say that this is wrong.
The notion of truth being a defined reasoning and represented as a one sided argument is unmistakably how most audiences visualize it. When that happens, who could stop it? In the text, Mencius states that he believed that humans are inherently good. It is extremely difficult to tell whether our surroundings make us the way we are or if it is our natural wants and desires. Transformation of the self and benevolence begin in the family and spread outward. Cesare Borgia, Human, Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1386 Words 4 Pages For centuries many philosophers, as well as most individuals, have pondered on the question what is good and what is evil. To begin with there are. Most books normally attributed to Xunzi are sustained essays on one topic that appear to have be written as more or less unified pieces, though there are often sections of verse and two books that are merely compilations of poetry.
How our own society would benefit if its leaders had to pass some kind of examinations! It is not for the sake of being on good terms with the child's parents, and it is not for the sake of winning praise for neighbors and friends, nor is it because they dislike the child's noisy cry. Plato believes that man cannot live alone in human nature and due to this weakness man will naturally form social relationships that enhance his chances of surviving in nature. It's one thing to talk about being good; it's another thing to actually be good. The wrong kind of music would instead encourage wanton, destructive behavior and cause a breakdown of social order. More-so philosophers of all ages have also stumbled upon a more in depth question which is if the intuitive knowledge of man's nature is good, or if it is evil. Xunzi defended this view, yet he objected to the Mohists, who claimed that a robber is not a person, so that killing a robber is not killing a person. Hsun Tzu believes that if man follows his nature and indulges in his natural desires, without transforming himself by conscious activity he is doomed to fall victim to his evil nature.
Or are we inherently bad, destined for evil acts, and evil desires? Ethics, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Poverty 1171 Words 4 Pages Hobbes, Hume and Human Nature The essence of human nature has been questioned time and time again throughout history. It is clear that all three philosophers believed that human nature can be good at all times. The only proper object of study is the Way of the sages; anything else is at best useless and at worst detrimental to the Way. According to Xunzi, people must be trained or educated to become good since, they are born with a sinful nature that gratify worldly pressures. People are not naturally inclined to do evil. What does it mean to be a human rather than do things humans do. By nature we all desire the same things: fine food, beautiful clothing, wealth, and comfort.
In order to do that, one must have an idea of the way human nature works so as to institute programs. In the prevailing pandemonium, Oskar Schindler emerged. Philosophers, sociologists, and even sociobiologists have brought evidence leading to various conclusions to the table, so the question still stands. Their knowledge of aristocratic traditions, however, helped them remain valuable to competing kings, who wished to learn how to regain the unity imposed by the Zhou and who sought to emulate the Zhou by patterning court rituals and other institutions after those of the fallen dynasty. Nothing is known of his lineage, and the early years of Xunzi's life are enshrouded in mystery. The lack of faith in the corrupt government of his time was naturally due to Hsun Tzu's belief in Confucian teachings Tran. Xunzi laid out a program of study based on the works of the sages of the past that would teach proper ritual behavior and develop moral principles.
Hsun Tzu had a very different idea of the nature of humans. In your response, make detailed reference to your prescribed text and one other text of your own choosing. With this, Mencius affirmed that human beings must strive to preserve and nurture their innate of goodness. In these writings, Xunzi carefully defines his own position and raises objections to rival thinkers in a way that renders his work more recognizable as philosophy than that of many other early Chinese thinkers. This cursory review of some important interpreters of Mencius' thought illustrates a principle that ought to be followed by all who seek to understanding Mencius' philosophical views: suspicion of the sources. In their writings, they differ on topics such as qualities of a leader, functions of government, and human nature and the world around them.