Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited. There are times when you may feel it is perfectly acceptable to use an abbreviation rather than its typed out counterpart in a paper. Citing an Article from an Online Only News Source Example: Chen, Stephanie. This specific type of documentation method is most commonly used in the English or other language literature, cultural studies, and gender studies and humanities fields. Optional elements The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible. Stating the author and page at the end: This claim is made Author A and Author B.
For indents, it is recommended that you use the tab button rather than pressing the space button 5 times. Any Other Types of Work Accessed Online General Web : Online Books, Magazines, Newspapers, or Journals Twain, Mark. Images For an image to be significant and easily identifiable, place it as close as possible to the text in the project where it is discussed. A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled. Time-based media sources When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so 00:02:15-00:02:35. Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks unless your instructor tells you otherwise. Also, it is absurd to include a url in a paper document like an essay.
Now, what on Earth does that mean? Paper Choice While many professors, instructors, and publications allow electronic submission, some prefer printed, hard copies of papers. Type your heading in the upper left corner. A writer can only develop a well-written paraphrase if the information has been fully grasped and understood. It is important for the reader to be able to distinguish the difference between italicized and regular font, so if you choose a font style different than Arial or Times New Roman, make sure the difference between the two type styles is evident. See also our on the. If you refer to the author's name in a sentence you do not have to include the name again as part of your in-text citation, instead include the page number if there is one at the end of the quotation or paraphrased section.
They should continue to push themselves despite possible obstacles and failures. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. A standard journal article includes the author's name, title of the article, title of the journal, issue information, and medium of publication. If modifying the sentence is not possible or does not work well with the flow of the assignment or paper, type out the written number: Two hundred twenty five children were found in the warehouse, some malnourished and diseased. Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Only include italics if your title includes the title of another source.
The guidelines found here are simply recommendations. When documenting such online sources follow the same format as printed sources. If your quotation extends to more than four lines as you're typing your essay, it is a long quotation. On all subsequent pages, include your last name then the page number counting the cover page as 1. Leave the cover page header blank. Citing an Originally in Print Journal Article Found in a Database Example: Ahn, Hyunchul, and Kyoung-jae Kim.
If a stapler is not available, some instructors allow paper or binder clips. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide your reader with a reference without interrupting your text. Paraphrasing is an important part of the research and writing process. When finished, run the project through a spell checker. Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. That means it follows the style manual of the Modern Language Association, which tells you how to format the paper itself and every source you cite.
Below are differences that might be overlooked by writers making the transition from the seventh edition. When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference, like so 00:02:15-00:02:35. Otherwise, they are simply omitted. Paraphrasing is used to show that you understand what the author wrote. If multiple years are given, provide the most recent. Citing an Article from an Online Newspaper Example: Shorto, Russell. Many word processing programs, such as Microsoft Word and Google Drive, provide a free spell checking feature.
Print No date: Last, First M. Image reproduced in a printed source Rousseau, Henri. The first letter of each word should be capitalized. If multiple years are given, provide the most recent. It Takes Two; Brock 43.
Philadelphia Museum of Art in assn. Author-page citation for works in an anthology, periodical, or collection When you cite a work that appears inside a larger source like, for instance, an article in a periodical or an essay in a collection , cite the author of the internal source i. This note identifies the source and other important information. Electronic Submission There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers. Here is an example of how a list may look in a research project or assignment when the list is part of the sentence. Notice the items are listed horizontally, not vertically.