A number of people had assembled at Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar for attending the annual Baisakhi fair. Rich peasant communities such as the Patidars of Gujarat and the Jats of Uttar Pradesh took part in the movement. Indian could no longer keep any arms without obtaining licences for the same. The poor people could not afford to buy khadi. He called the untouchables Harijans children of God, C. About 100,000 people were arrested. According to Indians, the commission did not hold any hopes for further constitutional reforms.
For them freedom meant to move in and out of the confined place. Mahatma Gandhi relaunched the Civil Disobedience Movement. Critically examine the main aspects of Indian National Movement during the period between 1920 and 1935. How did cultural processes help in creating a sense of collective belongingness in India? He asserted that India could be liberated only by the use of force. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Similarly, Anna Hazard raised the issue of corruption and involved the common man in his movement. Or Explain any four limitations of Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.
The First World War had ended with the defeated of Ottoman Turkey. March, 1919 Bombay : Khilafat Committee was formed with leaders such as Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali. Answer: Refer to answer 23 Question 79. He accepted the demand for reservation of seats for dalits in the legislatures. January, 1915: Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa.
So people could not boycott mill cloth for very long. Why did they join the movement? Things took highly violent turn. Or Why did the rich peasant communities become active in the Civil Disobedience Movement? Soon, the movement spread to the entire nation. This violence forced Gandhi to stop the movement. Das and Motile Nehru 3. The peasants were against the high rents and may other cess which were demanded by talukdars and landlords.
Why did Mahatma Gandhi decide to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement? Birla, the industrialists attacked colonial control over the Indian economy, and supported the Civil Disobedience Movement when it was first launched. In India, as in many other colonies, the growth of nationalism is connected to the anti-colonial movement under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. The place of peasant Satyagraha. The infamous Jallianwalla Bagh massacre took place on 13th April; the day on which Baisakhi is celebrated in Punjab. Answer: A Satyagrahi wins the battle through non-violence.
Answer: Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off the Civil Disobedience Movement because of the following reasons. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Indian educational institutions were slow to come in place of the boycotted British ones. Progressive Character of Socio-Religious Reform Movements. This English-educated intelligentsia formed the nucleus for the newly-arising political unrest, and it was this section of the society which provided leadership to the Indian political associations. It was a common phrase used by revolutionaries during the British rule over India.
In madras Natesa Shastri published a massive four-volume collection of Tamil folk tales, the Folklore of Southern India. Explain the effects of Non-Cooperation Movement on the economic front. Which were the two types of demands mentioned by Gandhiji in his letter to Viceroy Irwin on 31 January 1930? At Chauri-Chaura in Gorakhpur, in Uttar Pradesh, a peaceful demonstration in a bazaar turned violent and mob killed twenty policemen. By this Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Gandhiji consented to participate in a Round Table Conference in London. How had the First World War created a new economic situation in India? These people were unaware of the imposition of Marshal Law in the city. Explain any four features of Civil Disobedience Movement.
This resulted birth of modern Indian nationalism. He spoke about the greatness of Gandhiji and he was inspired by Non-Cooperation Movement. For over a year, the movement continued, but by 1934, it lost its momentum. It gave the government enormous power to repress political activities, and allowed detention of political prisoners without trial for two years. Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfire.