It cannot give more than a temporary escape from the cares of life. Keats' earlier mood of despondency seems to be perverse in the context of what gives rise to it. John Keats Poem Interpretation John Keats describes the oppressive nature of melancholy and depression and its onset. O, for a draught of vintage! In short, melancholy conquers all. He focusses on several sense impressions relating to an object and thereby gives the reader a full apprehension of it. It is because the nightingale has never experienced these things that he can sing so beautifully. Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird! When he came into the house, I perceived he had some scraps of paper in his hand, and these he was quietly thrusting behind the books.
The death-wish in the ode is a passing but recurrent attitude toward a life that was unsatisfactory in so many ways. If the relief is real, the mixture is good and sufficing. The poem Ode to a nightingale thus maintains the dramatic debate between two voices of the poet. Elmes paid Keats a small sum of money, and the poem was published in the July issue. The imagination is not the all-powerful function Keats, at times, thought it was.
The point is that the deity or the nightingale can sing without dying. He cannot escape even with the help of the imagination. The preoccupation with death does not seem to have been caused by any turn for the worse in Keats' fortunes at the time he wrote the ode May 1819. A moment of surrender and humility which is both satisfying and rewarding - since the narrator has simultaneously also united his thoughts with a higher, more eternal aspect of himself. In the ode Keats rejects wine for poetry, the product of imagination, as a means of identifying his existence with that of the happy nightingale. Keats himself didn't expect long-term recognition from his work. For example his acute awareness of ' taste ' is reflected in passage like the following: The shows the ripeness and maturity of his poetic faculty.
This only resulted in him losing his limbs and getting burnt to become an old man who is only about 17 years of age, and has aged as though he is elderly. Captured by the alluring song of the nightingale, the poet listened to the song in sheer darkness. One kind of mastery displayed by Keats in this ode is worth noting—the continuous shifting of view-point. Bacchus is an allusion to the Roman god of wine and revelry. The nightingale will not die, however. If there are lines of fun and frolic, of merry making, dancing and drinking, there is also the magnificent picture of the moon shining in the sky ' clustered around by all her starry Fays '.
Inspired by the bird's song, Keats composed the poem in one day. One is Keats' evaluation of life; life is a vale of tears and frustration. Again his love for classical Greek literature is reflected in the reference of Lethe, Dryad, Flora, Bacchus, Hippocrene etc. To sum up, Keats soars high with his 'wings of poesy' into the world of ideas and perfect happiness. The poem was later included in Keats' 1820 collection of poems, Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St Agnes, and Other Poems. Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain- To thy high requiem become a sod.
It shows that Greek mythology had a deep hold on the mind of the poet. The poet is drowsy and numb, as if he had taken hemlock or opiates both medicinal sedatives , or been immersed in the Lethe, the river of forgetfulness in Greek myth. The pictorial quality accompanied by sensuousness provides us a picture gallery. This reliance on vowel sounds is not unique to this ode, but is common to Keats's other 1819 odes and his. He states that he will not be taken there by Bacchus and his pards Bacchanalia, revelry and chaos but by poetry and art.
The poem is Keats in the act of sharing with the reader an experience he is having rather than recalling an experience. The movement of the poem is related to the poet's movement i from the ideal happy world of the nightingale to the dull everyday world of pain, misery and suffering and ii from a state of ecstasy to a state of forlornness desolation The turn of these two movements comes at the end of the fourth stanza. Furthermore, Keats began to reduce the amount of -based words and that he relied on in his poetry, which in turn shortened the length of the words that dominate the poem. This poem also protests against war and shows the meaningless of it, and the wastage of life caused by it. The thoughts of sickness, old age and death make him seek an alternative to wine in his search for a supporting aid towing him to the happy sojourn of the nightingale. O, for a draught of vintage! O for a draught of vintage, that hath been Cooled a long age in the deep-delved earth, Tasting of Flora and the country green, Dance, and Provencal song, and sun-burnt mirth! Ode to a Nightingale is a poem of eight stanzas, each stanza consisting of ten lines. But we have found it of a nature to present to common understandings the poetical power with which the author's mind is gifted, in a more tangible and intelligible shape than that in which it has appeared in any of his former compositions.
We are already aware that the soldier has lost an arm and his legs, yet here we are told that before the War he felt proud to have an injury, and to be carried shoulder- high. White 1981 and Willard Spiegelman 1983 used the Shakespearean echoes to argue for a multiplicity of sources for the poem to claim that Keats was not trying to respond just to Milton or escape from his shadow. The nightingale experiences a sort of death and even the god experiences death, but his death reveals his own divine state. His youngest brother Tom had died, the second one had gone abroad and the poet himself was under the suspense and agony by the passionate love for Fanny Brawne. But poetry does not work the way it is supposed to. Midway through the poem, there is a split between the two actions of the poem: the first attempts to identify with the nightingale and its song, and the second discusses the convergence of the past with the future while experiencing the present. He cannot but remember the song and its beauty.