In Nature and Society in Historical Context. For example, while Trinidad and Tobago had the influence of the French, Spanish, Chinese, Indian, African and English which each contributed a fair amount to carving the culture and socio-economic status of this island today other islands such as Haiti, Jamaica and Barbados did not. From trading they learnt how to manage their money and time management was also learnt since they no longer toiled for the average sixteen and a half hours a day on the estates. Peasant Development in the West Indies Since 1838 Anonymous To begin, the role of the peasantry have certainly contributed to the development of Caribbean Agriculture, society and economic diversification. To what extent was West Africa affected by the Slave Trade? A lot of slaves were determined to move off the plantations in an effort to resist the planter class, so this can be considered a driving factor for its formation.
This enabled the movement from the monoculture of the planters to multi-crop farming. Studies show that there was an increase in the number of holdings in the five to fifty acre range and that they show a shift from provision grounds to mixed farming, combining the cultivation of ground provisions with the cultivation of export crops such as: ginger, logwood, oranges, bananas etc. Some islands that may be experiencing economic growth are usually islands that explore new and better sources of growth whether it may be diversifying their agriculture production. The evolution of peasantry has influenced the Caribbean society by introducing their values and norms. Guyana, for example, remains a top producer of rice and sugar while Belize is a major producer of maize, this is so because of government intervention and incentives. They began small scale production systems and eventually expanded.
Evolution depicts a sign of growth or development. After the end of slavery the slaves were given land,which they cultivated to produce food for themselves and also to sell. Why was land ownership so crucial for the ex-slaves? Peasants within the Caribbean also incorporated other forms of making money with the help of side jobs such as fishermen, shop keepers and others. Kitts, Barbados and Antigua, and ownership and political power were in the hands of the whites, it was almost impossible for the free black to become either a landholder or a wholly free labourer. Shereece Boodram 812000735 Anonymous Peasantry has definitely contributed to the development of the Caribbean in several aspects. Countries such as Africa and Australia, because of dry lands, are affected by drought thus water availability results in low productivity. The plough and harrow were two most important labor saving devices introduced after emancipation.
For instance in Dominica, the presence of black sitagtoka can destroy its banana sector, additionally damages from hurricanes destroys crops, and the loss of preferential treatment in Europe which will lead to a loss of markets, will have negatively impact on the economy of the country. Many planters were heavily indebted, and therefore welcomed the cash they received. They engaged in cash crops and their main focus was on subsistence agriculture. There, they produced a wide variety of crops and livestock for subsistence. These crops were grown to help revive the economy. The United Nations and some non-governmental organizations have declared that there is no human right to self-defense or to the.
Some countries have no market for agriculture and infrastructure because of poor condition roads decreases the transport of goods. According to Marshall, Caribbean peasantries incorporated non-agricultural activities such as fishing, shop keeping, and casual estate work. Some were able to obtain jobs tending to business matters on the island. In the Caribbean today, these social institutions are still present and serve almost the same purpose as they did for the Peasantry. Take for example: St Lucia suffered major loss of their crops due to a hurricane.
Example places such as St. Economic diversification is continuously proving to be a daunting task in the Caribbean. This is mainly because some islands have large reserves of natural resources. Extra produce was sold locally through markets and along roadsides. One of the main functions of the agricultural extension was to educate farmers. A few countries such as Trinidad and Barbados seem to be doing better because their economies rely on other sectors. The peasantry development was a rapid forming society after Emancipation in 19 century.
Between 1838 and 1917, nearly half a million East Indians from British India came to work on the British West Indian sugar plantations, the majority going to the new sugar producers with fertile lands. The State of Marine Pollution in the Wider Caribbean Region. For example, Hurricane Dean on August 14th 2007 which caused destruction to islands such as St. They existed as an opposition to and in competition with plantations. Therefore some farmers have sorted other means of diversification as they believe this is the only way to survive. If diseases were to affect this crop in a large scale manner, the country will suffer economically. The East Indians introduced rice and boosted the local production of cacao the bean from which cocoa is derived and ground provisions tubers, fruits, and vegetables.
Vincent, the Grenadines and Grenada. As family members, peasant women find family income declining, leading to increases in their unpaid labor time and declining standards of nutrition and health. Saeedah Baksh 810002134 The statement that the role of peasantry contributed to the development of Caribbean agriculture and society and economic diversification had great truth to it. This expansion, which required fertile land near ports or--later in this period--railroads, first took place at the narrow western Havana. They engaged themselves in diversification of agriculture on small land sizes and enhanced their own skills. With economic development, peasantry encouraged the growth of more than one crop.
The plantations were mostly mono-crop; one popular crop grown in the Caribbean for export was sugar cane. Vincent is much smaller and cannot produce as much as Trinidad. Land meant ownership, moving out of a position of being owned into one of possessing property, of controlling and managing it for his own benefit. Such as Barbados, which put its main focus into its tourism industry and Grenada which makes a lot of its yearly income by exporting nutmeg. The plantation owners were expected to supply medicine for the sick. This was beneficial as it meant less goods were wasted as excess could be sold. Rural Development in the Caribbean.