We shall focus on chemical reactions that can help to distinguish phenols from alcohols. How to perform the test: Three drops of the compound to be tested are mixed with 5 drops of acetone and 5 drops of chromic acid solution an orange solution. Cleaning up Place the test solution in the appropriate waste container. Possible compounds and their derivatives are listed in the manual and in other texts which are available to you. The acidity of unknown D can be shown in the solubility in sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, and sodium bicarbonate. The chromic acid solution is prepared by dissolving 1.
Use toluene as a known to test for aromaticity. Consider all possibilities within at least plus or minus 5 oC of your mp or bp up to 175 degrees and a wider range for mp and bp above 175 oC. The mixture were heated in water bath of 60 °C at least two minutes. It may take several minutes for the unknown to appear to dissolve or react. List the pages in your notebook where we can find information related to this particular unknkown.
Oxidation of a by chromic acid results in a as the organic product. Otherwise, the test is conducted as follows: dissolve 50 mg of solid or 2 drops of liquid unknown in 1 mL of 0. Lesson Summary Let's take a few moments to review what we've learned about the chromic test for aldehydes and alcohols mechanism. The 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine reagent will already be prepared for you. If that analysis has not been done and you wish to do some class tests, do them in the order shown below. After the preliminary analysis has been confirmed, try to determine the actual structure of your unknown.
List the mp of the corresponding derivative of the other possible compounds. If you obtain a color other than yellow, the test cannot be used. Look for color changes, evolution of gas, any evidence of reaction such as precipitates, and enhanced solubility. The above procedure was repeated with unknown D and E. One observes the rapid disappearance of the red-brown bromine color. The test tubes were heated in a hot water bath for several minutes.
Solubility of compounds is the tendency of the compound to form the hydrogen bonding with the water molecules. In ferric chloride test, phenol tends to react with ferric chloride to give a coloured complex. Warm and allow to stand for 5-10 minutes if no precipitation form immediately. Carbonyl compounds fall into two main classes: aldehydes and ketones on the one hand and carboxylic acids and their derivatives on the other hand. A deep burgundy color is positive. Step 3 was repeated with unknown A, B and C and observations were made.
For example: aromatic amine and some phenols. A positive test is the formation of a silver mirror as the elemental silver adheres to the wall of the glass tube. You could have a methyl ketone, which gives negative chromic acid test and positive iodoform test. The chromic acid stabilizes the aldehyde, making it harder for the water to leave. Use naphthalene for the solid unknown and toluene or xylene for the liquid known.
Judging by the great amount of precipitate I got from the iodoform test, I'm thinking that maybe my sample is indeed a primary or secondary alcohol but it has something that won't react with the chromic acid. The reagent forms silver fulminate which is very explosive. D Ferric chloride test 1. Compounds which are insoluble in all of the above liquids can be tested for solubility and color change in concentrated sulfuric acid. This is shows that unknown B is oxidized by the chromic acid.
Add a 1% solution of aqueous potassium permanganate dropwise with agitation. In bromine water test, the decolouration of yellow solution shows a positive test which is followed by the formation of white precipitate. The neutralization equivalent will be one-half its molecular weight. Then dilute the entire solution to a final volume of 10 mL with water. A positive reaction is indicated by the disappearance of orange color and formation of a green or blue-green precipitate. For unknown E, it is soluble in water and form homogenous solution. Repeat the solubility test for the other unknown.