Kensinger, 2008, Psychology and Aging, 23, pp. For exam ple, label a series of experiments Experiment 1, Experiment 2, and so forth. Often, this will involve presenting a brief summary of instructions given to par ticipants. The description of manipulations or interventions should include several elements. Although it is specifically designed to help writers in the behavioral sciences and social sciences, anyone who writes non-fiction prose can benefit from its guidance. Ortiz Denise Sekaquaptewa Nathan Grant Smith Glen W. Copy in possession of author.
Ethical a n d legal Stan dards i n Publ i sh i n g Much of the Publication Manual addresses scientific writing style. To determine how far the data can be generalized, you may find it useful to identify subgroups: The Asian sa mple incl uded 30 Chi nese and 45 Vietnamese persons. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 1 1 7- 1 2 1. N a m e of Repository, Location. How to Use the Publication Manual The Publication Manual describes requirements for the preparation and submission of manuscripts for publication.
An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Focus has been broadened to include readers in the behavioral and social sciences. The Publication Process Editorial Process 225 225 8. In such a case, choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format. How does the study relate to previous work in the area? Once accepted, the supplemental mate rials will be posted with no further editing or polishing. For an entire book, use the following reference formats: Author, A A 1 967.
M a p retrieved online Lew i s Cou nty G eo g ra p h i c I nformation S e rvices Ca rtog ra p h e r. The author note is not numbered or cited in the text. A set of comprehensive reporting stan dards facilitates this understanding. In-text citations of specific letters: Al l port, G. If the text is brief, you may present it in the body of the paper if it does not interfere with the readability of the report.
Conclude the statement of the problem in the introduction with a brief but formal statement of the purpose of the research that summarizes the material preceding it. Be sure that all relevant ethical standards have been followed for appendices and supplemental materials, including copyright protection, accurate representation of data, and protec tion of human subjects e. Participants were instructed to respond as quickly as possible with a button marked yes if there was a target present, or a button marked no if no target was present. In this example of a reprinted book review, the author of the book is named first, followed by the editor of the reprinting source, then the reviewer. The focus of the current research is on determining the extent to which aging influences the early, relatively automatic detection of emotional information.
For the reader to appreciate the magnitude or importance of a study's findings, it is almost always necessary to include some measure of effect size in the Results sec tion. Mather and Knight 2006 exarnined young and older adults' abilities to detect happy, sad, angry, or neutral faces presented in a complex visual array. Social science literature-Publishing-Handbooks, manuals, etc. Haggerty Rochester, New York Two a uthors with suffixes , one affiliation John O. End the Discussion section with a reasoned and justifiable commentary on the importance of your findings. Schroth, Martha Storandt, and Sandra P. Symposium contribution M uellbauer, J.
Copyright Office, 1 9 8 1 , p. This allows the reader to locate the text in the source. In studies reporting the results of experimental manipula tions or interventions, clarify whether the analysis was by intent-to-treat. Means and standard deviations for African American students are presented in the vertical col umns, and means and standard deviations for European Americans are presented i n the horizonta l rows. The following paragraph is an example of how one might appropriately paraphrase some of the foregoing material in this section. When quoting in your paper, if a direct quote is less than 40 words, incorporate it into your text and use quotation marks.
High-arousal objects received mean arousal ratings greater than 5, and low-arousal objects including all neutral stimuli received mean arousal ratings of less than 4. Subject details should be omitted only if they are not essential to the phenomenon described. When research is driven by the desire to resolve controversial issues, all sides in the debate should be represented in balanced measure in the intro duction. Also, if you have some hypotheses or questions that are central to your purpose and others that are secondary or exploratory, state this prioritization. Materials for inclusion in supplemental online archives should be submitted in for mats that will be widely accessible.
Lesser contributions, which do not con stitute authorship, may be acknowledged in a note see section 2. Then we present three specific modules relating to studies with manipulated conditions or interventions. A list of tables and figures follows the table of contents and will help you locate spe cific tables and figures. Include the details of the interventions or manipulations intended for each study condition, including control groups if any , and describe how and when interventions experimental manipula tions were actually administered. Do not use a specific footnote to clarify an element of the title.