Rarely, you will have someone quoting someone who is quoting yet another party. This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. The Chicago Manual of Style is a registered trademark of The University of Chicago. Jack took the stand and began his testimony. But folks here are unhappy because they cannot distinguish between ellipses that existed in the originals and ones that we have inserted to indicate missing material. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a secondary source in your class assignments and projects.
If the quotation is preceded by a form of a word like say, reply, or answer, that word is followed by a comma. When citing a reference within a reference in American Psychological Association style, the rules are different for an in-text citation versus a citation on a references list. When you directly quote the works of others in your paper, you will format quotations differently depending on their length. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. Do not use double quotation marks. When the quotation is merged into a clause, no punctuation is necessary to divide them.
The Chicago Manual of Style Online © 2006, 2007, 2010, 2017 by The University of Chicago. The single quotation mark is generally on the same key of your typewriter or computer as the more familiar double quotation marks. Also make sure that you place quotation marks correctly with respect to other punctuation marks and with citations. Journal Of Clinical Sport Psychology, 9 2 , 101-115. If you goof up in this regard, at best no agent or editor will take you seriously; at worst, you could end up in legal trouble. For example, you might decide to use unquoted italic type for everything that the dead person says through the channeler—or for everything that the dead person does not say.
A question mark, exclamation point, or dash is placed within the quotation marks when it is part of the quoted material. The year is written after the name of the author while the page or paragraph number appears at the end of the quotation. There is no need to note that you are quoting a source within the source as part of this reference. If your research paper includes a source that you cannot locate, you may have no choice but to reference it as discussed in a secondary source. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay.
Citation follows the quotation marks; period follows the citation. Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Otherwise it is placed outside the quotation marks. Please help—many reprints lie ahead! Periodicals Journal, Magazine and Newspaper Basic Format: Author. Generally speaking, to cite a secondary source, you would cite the original source in the text of your paper, but you would provide a reference to the secondary source in the reference list.
Once in a while, all of us are required to quote someone quoting a third party. Consider large-scale social gatherings in which hundreds or thousands of people gather in a location to perform a ritual or celebrate an event. The Chicago Manual of Style. Continue double spacing for the quotation. What, must our mouths be cold? In what is sometimes called the British style see paragraph 6.
Check with your instructor if you are uncertain which to use. Long quotations For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks. Include the page number at the end of your block quote outside of the ending period. However, some instructors still prefer Roman numerals. The words should be in double quotes in the original.
Notes and Bibliography Method Both the original and the secondary sources must be listed in the note; however, only the secondary source appears in the reference list see : General Format: 1. Note: If the name of the author is part of the narrative, only the year and page or paragraph numbers are enclosed in separate parentheses. What, in heaven's name, was it? Chicago Style Per the Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition you want to try your best to find the original source and cite that. I am editing a book now with numerous quotes from seventeenth-century books or letters, referencing ships. When citing quoted material in the body of your text, mention the original source in the sentence and the secondary source in a parenthetical citation at the end of the line. Bronte 78 When citing long sections more than three lines of poetry, keep formatting as close to the original as possible. But if you are writing a book about writing, you should run to the nearest library or bookstore and read as much as you can on the complex matters of documentation and permissions.