This phenomenon has many reasons such as growth of population, global changes in the climates and many undesirable consequences such as the erosion of agricultural soils and immigration of rural people to urban regions mainly to the capital of Iran, Tehran. All these collectively, form the personality that develops in the process. Despite continuous efforts at the center and state for providing infrastructure, the achievement has not been rewarding. Isfahan province is one of the semi-arid and desert regions in the center of Iran. As a result, these may include guiding local communities, especially at the take-off stage, facilitating the capacity-building of local communities, catalyzing the interactions between the community organizations and the organized private sector, installation of monitoring mechanisms, etc. Service superiority gap was estimated to be -2.
But, in far too many rural places, the necessary infrastructure and fiscal resources needed to create or attract such jobs are simply limited. In India only 40% of the urban and semi-urban population is provided with good infrastructure. It is the first province in Iran that has made rural parks in its arid and semi-arid rural regions. The type of the research is mixed -qualitative and quantitative-methods. So is the rural culture to the context of rural development. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders.
We hope the articles are informative and that they stimulate greater interests by the social sciences research community in addressing current and emerging rural education and economic development challenges in rural America. At present, the process of vicissitudes in human's life increases the extent of interdependencies more and more so that, the necessity of some kinds of organized affiliation is becoming evident more than ever Shahbazi, 1996. Culture and Education- the inseparable twins Having looked at how culture has provided the necessary impetus to the economy through the ages, let us now see the implications of education on culture and , consequently, on the rural sector. Our traditional practices, derived from scores of cultures which are traditionally distinct yet significantly transcending, have been central tour economic growth, as indeed that of our civilization. Role of Education and Culture in Rural Development By Dr. Cultures, as a matter of fact, keep adjusting to the times without losing much of their original flavor.
Admittedly, technology is rapidly changing our life styles, and one has to factor in the in the impact of this change on rural India as well. Culture, Commerce and Development It is commonly believed, in development circles, that social and cultural in rural India has been slow. However, small holding system has led to a lot of challenges faced by small scale farmers whereas much potential of date production and marketing lost every year. Indian culture is one of most vibrant cultures in the world and rural culture forms its backbone. As the successful experiences of developing and developed countries shows, the main instrument to achieve people's successful participation in rural development is efforts for planning and operating extension education projects. This can be done right from the formative years of children, when they have just begun acquiring knowledge. We can have quite a few examples of tradition being kept alive as a parallel to the process of modernization.
The traditional practices provide a stimulus to trade and commerce, which in turn patronize culture. The traditional practices provide a stimulus to trade and commerce, which in turn patronize culture. Education founded on strong cultural values will help students understand and acknowledge the significance of culture in the development context. Agricultural extension and education is an essential tool for the development of integrated agricultural development programs Shahbazi, 1996. The results show that the users consider the current quality of services lower than what the librarians consider them to be. Little is known about factors that affect involvement of volunteers in Extension education activities.
We proposed an informatics programme able to analyze the performance of the education system in regional development based on major indicators of efficiency and effectiveness. Amartya Sen has been talking about wide socioeconomic injustice particularly in developing countries. Local governments have to be effectively linked with national levels as well as with local communities. Extension volunteers are local technical leaders who have a positive presence in both agricultural and rural development Shahbazi, 1993. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. All Extension volunteers 138 in the Talesh Township, Iran were surveyed Factors that most encouraged volunteers to participate in Extension education programs were for the sake of God, leaving a good name and memory, and closer relationships with Extension agents.
Cultures, as a matter of fact, keep adjusting to the times without losing much of their original flavor. Khuzestan Province has a great share in Iran's date production in which many rural households are directly dependent to dates production. Agent training should be focused on linkages with local research centers and faculty. Culture paves the way for education while education is responsible for flavoring the cultural values in life. While material growth is evident amongst many nations, the cultural dividend is grossly missing. Unequal and unjust distribution of infrastructure has been the cause of socioeconomic imbalances in rural and urban areas. Some cultures has been lost to reconstruct their history, picking up bits and pieces of their cultural heritage whatever little can be traced in order to revive some of their cultures.
Integrating their abilities, people join each other in order to meet their common needs. Therefore, it is necessary to inculcate the importance of education and value based living for a truly sustainable development of the rural sector. Although, the windfalls of applying appropriate technology in the rural areas, especially in agriculture and allied fields, are heartening, total submission to modernization is not desirable and has to be avoided at any cost. If one looks back into the pages of our history, one would find that, invariably, culture has been the platform for all socio-economic development. Education is the true alchemy that can bring India its next golden age. Recent federal and state efforts designed to tighten learning standards in our public schools are emblematic of the strong links that are believed to exist between education and a healthy local economy. What all this hints at is that development must be a result of the synergy between education and culture.
Dependence on pesticide and insecticide imports, compounded by a growing population, limited arable land and high soil erosion, has lead to the call for more appropriate agricultural practices. As a whole, the findings of the research prove that to take into account the extension education factors has a major role in establishing and maintaining rural parks and is essential in increasing the efficiency of the similar rural development projects in Iran. Faced with evidence of an appallingly low standard of living which the vast majority of men and women in Nigeria have despite two decades of development and cooperative movements, the Federal and State Governments now attempt to ensure that the real target of development are the human beings who will remain central to all redefinitions and to all revised strategies. Well-trained and competent volunteers are effective in helping the Extension service disseminate knowledge to farmers. But, if we do not pause and take stock of things now, and initiate necessary action, we will join the company of others who lost their cultural roots. Well, conversely, it can be argued that this resistance to completely succumb to this technological change by rural India is what has preserved our identity and held us together.
This needs to be preserved, nurtured and propagated. The cyclic and cascading effect of the above process is the reason behind the development and prosperity of many a culture rich civilization. In order for there to be an improvement in the quality of practical training, three elements are essential: active participation of academic staff, effective inter-organisational communication with private and public institutions, and active participation of students in the curriculum. Considerable investment and effort have been dedicated to this intent. Education devoid of culture will only serve as a flight to obscurity. The urban culture may be functional to an industrial context. Culture and education are inseparable and yet complementary with multiple points of interaction.