Wife is the 1st Party. Needless to say that in conducting such proceedings the Court can also use the medium of video conferencing and also permit genuine representation of the parties through close relations such as parents or siblings where the parties are unable to appear in person for any just and valid reason as may satisfy the Court, to advance the interest of justice. The case cannot be transferred to district court on a ground that the husband resides outside the limits of municipal corporation; Arjun Singhal v. But in all cases you are bound to maintain her. हिंदू विवाह अधिनियम 13 बी 2 पारस्परिक सहमति से विवाह विच्छेद में उपबंध आज्ञात्मक नहीं : धारा 13- बी में प्रावधान किया गया है कि यदि पति-पत्नी एक वर्ष या उस से अधिक समय से अलग रह रहे हैं तो वे यह कहते हुए जिला न्यायालय अथवा परिवार न्यायालय के समक्ष आवेदन प्रस्तुत कर सकते हैं कि वे एक वर्ष या उस से अधिक समय से अलग रह रहे है, उन का एक साथ निवास करना असंभव है और उन में सहमति हो गई है कि विवाह विच्छेद की डिक्री प्राप्त कर विवाह को समाप्त कर दिया जाए। प्रारंभिक हिन्दू विधि में तलाक या विवाह विच्छेद की कोई अवधारणा उपलब्ध नहीं थी। हिन्दू विधि में विवाह एक बार हो जाने के बाद उसे खंडित नहीं किया जा सकता था। विवाह विच्छेद की अवधारणा पहली बार हिन्दू विवाह अधिनियम 1955 से हिन्दू विधि में सम्मिलित हुई। वर्तमान में हिन्दू विवाह को केवल उन्हीं आधारों पर विखंडित किया जा सकता है हिन्दू विवाह अधिनियम में इस बाबत निम्न प्रकार से व्यवस्था की गई है -- 13 - ख पारस्परिक सम्मति से विवाह-विच्छेद- 1 इस अधिनियम के उपबन्धों के अधीन रहते हुए या दोनों पक्षकार मिलकर विवाह-विच्छेद की डिक्री विवाह के विघटन के लिए अर्जी जिला न्यायालय में, चाहे ऐसा विवाह, विवाह विधि संशोधन अधिनियम, 1976 के प्रारम्भ के पूर्व अनुष्ठापित किया गया हो चाहे उसके पश्चात् इस आधार पर पेश कर सकेंगे कि वे एक वर्ष या उससे अधिक समय से अलग-अलग रह रहे हैं और वे एक साथ नहीं रह सके हैं तथा वे इस बात के लिए परस्पर सहमत हो गये हैं कि विवाह विघटित कर देना चाहिये। 2 उपधारा 1 में निर्दिष्ट अर्जी के उपस्थापित किये जाने की तारीख से छ: मास के पश्चात् और अठारह मास के भीतर दोनों पक्षकारों द्वारा किये गये प्रस्ताव पर, यदि इस बीच अजीं वापिस नहीं ले ली गई हो तो न्यायालय पक्षकारों को सुनने के पश्चात् और ऐसी जाँच, जैसी वह ठीक समझे, करने के पश्चात् अपना यह समाधान कर लेने पर कि विवाह अनुष्ठापित हुआ है और अर्जी में किये गये प्रकाशन सही हैं यह घोषणा करने वाली डिक्री पारित करेगा कि विवाह डिक्री की तारीख से विघटित हो जाएगा। धारा 13 बी 1 न्यायालय के अधिकार क्षेत्र से संबंधित है और याचिका केवल तब योग्य है जब पार्टियां एक वर्ष या उससे अधिक की अवधि के लिए अलग रहती हैं और यदि वे एक साथ रहना नहीं चाहते हैं और सहमति देते हैं कि शादी भंग हो जाती है। धारा 13 बी 2 प्रक्रियात्मक है उन्होंने कहा कि इस अवधि को माफ़ करने का विवेक न्याय के हित के विचार से एक निर्देशित विवेक है, जहां सुलह करने का कोई मौका नहीं है और पार्टियां पहले से ही धारा 13 बी में उल्लेखित अवधि से अधिक लंबी अवधि के लिए अलग-थलग हो चुकी हैं। इस प्रकार, न्यायालय को निम्न पर भी विचार करना चाहिए: 1 कब पार्टियों की शादी हुई है? I am confident that I am not alone in my refusal to believe that the law is tedious or that the Indians really like all their law dull.
The question posed before the court was that whether courts can give relaxation to parties with regard to the 6-month waiting period mentioned under the section without placing reliance on Art. It could be any figure or no figure. If object of the enactment will be defeated by holding the same directory, it will be construed as mandatory, whereas if by holding it mandatory serious general inconvenience will be created to innocent persons without very much furthering the object of enactment, the same will be construed as directory. Petitioner is bound to prove guilt of the defendant in order to get divorce under the Hindu marriage act. In these circumstances, it is always better that couple take divorce by mutual consent so as to avoid further disputes, time and money. The parties have moved to Supreme Court on the ground that only Supreme Court can relax the six months period as per previous decisions of this Court.
She is unwilling to come back and my inLaws want extra money from me, But I want to minimize the compensation,Now if she doesn't come back after court order then whether court will exempt from compensation? The Bench was dealing with a plea filed by an estranged couple which had sought waiver of the six month period on the ground that they have been living separately for the past eight years and there was no possibility of their re-union. No part of it is false and nothing relevant has been kept concealed therefrom. Now the law provides for a way to get out of an unpleasant marriage by seeking divorce in a court of law. Held, that since consent of the wife was obtained by fraud and wife was not willing to consent, there could be unilateral withdrawal, of consent; I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor. Principal Judge, Family Courts, Tiz Hazari District Courts, Delhi under Section 13-B 1 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 is allowed. Relatives of wife already met to my advocate, after that my advocate wants that I should file divorce petition. Under Section 13-B of the , the parties can seek divorce by mutual consent by filing a petition before the court.
It is sufficient that if the cruelty is of such type that it becomes impossible for spouses to live together; Neelu Kohli v. The apex court said the minimum period of six months can be relaxed by the trial court in certain situations and the estranged couple, who are seeking divorce with mutual consent, can file waiver application after a week of filing the first motion. Comments Decree under Hindu Marriage Act and decree under Code of Civil Procedure are not same Decree under the Hindu Marriage Act and decree under Code of Civil Procedure are not of the same nature and character. The Court must be satisfied that the parties were living separately for more than the statutory period and all efforts at mediation and reconciliation have been tried and have failed and there is no chance of reconciliation and further waiting period will only prolong their agony. Beena Vadra12 and Madhya Pradesh High Court in Dinesh Kumar Shukla vs. In this transitional period the parties or either of them may have second thoughts; Suman v.
If they are not proved the petition will eventually be dismissed. Desertion Desertion means the rejection by one party of all the obligations of marriage- the permanent forsaking or abandonment of one spouse by the other without any reasonable cause and without the consent of the other. The third theory relates to the irretrievable breakdown of marriage. Consideration of facts Institution of marriage occupies an important place and role to play in the society in general, therefore, it would not be appropriate to apply any submission of irretrievably broken marriage as a straight jacket formula for grant of relief of divorce. Since 2008 the parties are living separately. However the most striking feature and drawback is that if both parties have been at fault, there is no remedy available.
If the above conditions are satisfied, the waiver of the waiting period for the second motion will be at the discretion of the Court. It was understood by the court that under the traditional Hindu Law, as it stood prior to the statutory law on the point, marriage is sacred and cannot be dissolved by consent. Also, it follows that unless one willingly consents to the act, there can be no adultery. She already said before the judge that you expelled her for demand of dowry and also her brother seeks 3 lakh rupees from you, so it is very tough for you to file suit under section 13 B i. The Appellant husband handed over two cheques of Rs. Therefore, there is no desertion by the wife; P.
A matter for a Larger Bench, surely. It is further stated that both of them have realized the consequences of their decision and they have taken the decision out of their free will and without any undue influence or coercion. However, the apex court added that it was not inclined to accept the proposition that in every case of dissolution of marriage under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, the court has to exercise its powers under Article 142. The marital obligation has been further buttressed by clear statutory recognition by section 9 of the Hindu Marriage Act; Kailash Wati v. You can draw up a consent term and this will settle the marital dispute once and for all.
Clause vi omitted by Act 2 of 1978, sec. The parties are now at liberty to move the concerned court for fresh consideration in the light of this order. . Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Zorostrianism, a divorce can be granted. Mutual consent should continue till the divorce decree is passed. Questions for a Larger Bench, surely. The concept of getting divorced was too radical for the Indian society then.
The said period was laid down to enable the parties to have a rethink so that the court grants divorce by mutual consent only if there is no chance for reconciliation. How much time does the whole process take from filing the mutual consent petition in the court till the passing of the decree judgment by the court? Solitary ground for divorce Frivolous and vexatious litigation instituted and fought under the pressure of some family members cannot be used as a ground to contend that the marriage has irretrievably broken down and the marriage is, for all practical purposes, dead. Punishment for contravention of certain other conditions for a Hindu marriage. Divorced persons when may marry again. Therefore, even though the case of cruelty may not have been proved but as the facts emerging from the record clearly indicate that the living of the two as husband and wife would not only be difficult but impossible, the court has no alternative but to grant a decree of divorce; Poonam Gupta v. But, Manu does not believe in discontinuance of marriage.
If the court is held to have the power to make a decree solely based on the initial petition, it negates the whole idea of mutuality. Withdrawal without reasonable excuse or just cause Wife is under an obligation to live with her husband in his home and under his roof except in case of distinct and specific misconduct on the part of the husband. From first night my wife has negative attitude as it was against her wish and threatened me she will do abortion if she become pregnant. Reliance has been placed inter alia on decision of this Court in Nikhil Kumar vs. Alternate relief in divorce proceedings. The modern concept of cruelty includes both mental and physical cruelty. Generally, no court has competence to issue a direction contrary to law nor can the court direct an authority to act in contravention of the statutory provisions.