Some tracking arrays are single axis while others are dual. The cost to the utility if it had generated or otherwise purchased the power. Escape Provision: A contract clause allowing one to break a contract, usually with a penalty. The simplest solar cooker is the box cooker first built by in 1767. A contract clause allowing one to break a contract, usually with a penalty. Solar technologies are characterized as either passive or active depending on the way they capture, convert and distribute sunlight and enable solar energy to be harnessed at different levels around the world, mostly depending on distance from the equator.
Z — the angle between the direction of interest of the sun, for example and the zenith directly overhead. Energy in these harmonic frequencies is lost and may cause excessive heating of the. Acquisition minerals : The procurement of the legal right to explore for and produce discovered minerals, if any, within a specific area; that legal right may be obtained by mineral lease, concession, or purchase of land and mineral rights or of mineral rights alone. Peak Load Plant: A plant usually housing old, low-efficiency steam units; gas turbines; diesels; or pumped-storage hydroelectric equipment normally used during the peak-load periods. When energy demand is low during the day, a typical solar panel system produces more electricity than one household can utilize.
Energy Source: The primary source that provides the power that is converted to electricity through chemical, mechanical, or other means. Customer Choice: The freedom of a retail customer to purchase electric services, either individually or through voluntary aggregation with other retail customers, from the provider s of the customer's choice and to choose among various fuel types, energy efficiency programs, and renewable power suppliers. This is handled by 'rolling back' the meter whenever the home produces more electricity than it consumes. Also called a flooded battery because the plates are covered with the electrolyte. The shutdown of a generating unit, transmission line or other facility, for emergency reasons or a condition in which the generating equipment is unavailable for load due to unanticipated breakdown. What is a power generation company? Retail: Sales covering electrical energy supplied for residential, commercial, and industrial end-use purposes. This processing removes nonhydrocarbon gases e.
What is a market clearing price? In the extractive industries, the term is most frequently applied to mean either 1 the periodic charge-off to expense of the costs associated with non-producing mineral properties incurred prior to the time when they are developed and entered into production or 2 the systematic charge-off to expense of those costs of productive mineral properties including tangible and intangible costs of prospecting, acquisition, exploration, and development that had been initially capitalized or deferred prior to the time the properties entered into production, and thereafter are charged off as minerals are produced. These systems saw increasing use until the 1920s but were gradually replaced by cheaper and more reliable heating fuels. Examples of air pollution abatement structures and equipment include flue-gas particulate collectors, flue-gas desulfurization units and nitrogen oxide control devices. It's commonly found in sand and quartz as the oxide. Support service that is available as needed to supplement a consumer, a utility system, or to another utility if a schedule or an agreement authorizes the transaction. Attempts to harness fusion for commercial power production have so far not succeeded. See 'ciruit breaker' G Gel Battery - A lead-acid battery in which the electrolyte between the plates is composed of a gelled substance instead of water which is used in automotive batteries.
An electric generating unit that consists of one or more combustion turbines and one or more boilers with a portion of the required energy input to the boiler s provided by the exhaust gas of the combustion turbine s. This might occur when production requires extremely large initial capital investments to enter the market but additional output requires only very modest additional outlays beyond the fixed initial investment. Atmospheric crude oil distillation: The refining process of separating crude oil components at atmospheric pressure by heating to temperatures of about 600 degrees to 750 degrees Fahrenheit depending on the nature of the crude oil and desired products and subsequent condensing of the fractions by cooling. The natural heat of the Earth that is conducted or convected to the Earth's surface through volcanoes and hot springs. The energy charge is usually measured in kilowatt-hours kWh. The term is also used to refer to the layout of an electric distribution system. With this method, physical processes, such as thermal evaporation or bombardment of ions, are used to deposit elemental material on a.
Powering the planet with solar fuel. Transmission System Electric : An interconnected group of electric transmission lines and associated equipment for moving or transferring electric energy in bulk between points of supply and points at which it is transformed for delivery over the distribution system lines to consumers, or is delivered to other electric systems. For example, with lead-acid batteries, end-of-life is generally taken as the point in time when a fully charged cell can deliver only 80% of its rated capacity. The wholesale and retail customers on whose behalf the Transmission Provider, by statute, franchise, regulatory requirements, or contract, has undertaken an obligation to construct and operate the Transmission Provider's system to meet the reliable electric needs of such customers. The local wires, transformers, substations and other equipment used to deliver electricity for the electric distribution company to your home or business. Under direct access, customers could buy power from any generator and use the transmission and distribution network to transport the electricity. Amortization: The depreciation, depletion, or charge-off to expense of intangible and tangible assets over a period of time.
Bilateral Agreement: Written statement signed by a pair of communicating parties that specifies what data may be exchanged between them. Battery bank capacities from 300 AmpHours to over 4000 AmpHours are displayed graphically so you can see exactly how to wire the batteries together. Thermal storage systems generally use readily available materials with high capacities such as water, earth and stone. Alcohol fuels are produced from wood, sugarcane and corn. The visible region extends from about 390 to 780 nanometers a nanometer is one billionth of one meter. For example, 5 peak sun hours means that the energy received during total daylight hours equals the energy that would have been received had the solar radiation for 5 hours been 1 KiloWatt per square meter.
Created under the 1992 Energy Policy Act, these wholesale generators are exempt from certain financial and legal restrictions stipulated in the Public Utilities Holding Company Act of 1935. Using a kWh your could burn one 100-watt incandescent for 24 hours a day for about 14 months, or 3 hours a day for over 9 years. Greenhouse Effect: The increasing mean global surface temperature Green Power: Power that is generated from renewable energy sources. Wheeling Service: A service provided by a utility that owns transmission facilities. What is a bilateral agreement? Theoretical and laboratory conversion rates typically are much higher than rates from mass production.
A generating facility that produces electricity and another form of useful thermal energy such as heat or steam used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes. What is a standby facility? Part of the basic service charges on every customer's bill for transporting electricity from the generation facility over transmission lines. A market in which electricity and other energy services are sold directly to the end-use customer. Pancaking: The effect of adding on charges as power moves through several transmission systems. L langley L — Unit of solar. The rationale for allowing stranded cost recovery is that utilities have made large investments in facilities under a regulatory system that allowed cost recovery of all prudent investments. This schedule indicates the levels of generation and demand scheduled for each settlement period that trading day.
Energy has several forms, some of which are easily convertible and can be changed to another form useful for work. Generating stations produce the electrical power, which is carried over high-voltage transmission lines to demand centers. Tracking or recording your consumption during a specific time period. This is less common due to the increased installation cost of the second meter. The shape of the curve characterizes cell performance. I Incandescent lamp - A fairly inefficient type of lamp that uses a wire filament suspended in a vacuum or inert gas-filled bulb that give off heat and light when electricity flows thru the filament.