Vellacott Greek tragedy C5th B. In the first version, her father is Ouranos the Sky and no mother. This is the story George Cruikshank chose to paint in his late sixties or early seventies. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. From the foam was born the goddess of love named Aphrodite, and she got to the shore in a scallop shell.
Evelyn-White Greek epic C7th to 4th B. Although the two are not a pair, the painting is inevitably discussed with Botticelli's other very large mythological painting, the , also in the Uffizi. From the union of Orchis and the foaming waves, Aphrodite was born. The gold-filleted Horae happily welcomed her and clothed her with heavenly raiment. Birth from Uranus In , the goddess was born when Cronos castrated his father Uranus Ouranos with a sickle and cast the genitalia into the sea from where Aphrodite appeared amidst the resulting foam aphros.
Hesiod, Theogony 176 ff trans. During a celebratory feast for Bacchus, Orchis committed the sacrilege of attempting to rape a Maenad priestess, resulting in his being torn apart by wild beasts, then metamorphosing into a slender and modest plant the orchid. Interested in the body and not the soul, their love is base and uninspired. Here one hand is raised, pointing to heaven for justification, and the figure's gaze also looks upwards; the whole effect is very different. And it is on this that life on Olympus is based. When Aphrodite and Ares were at their most passionate, the bed sprang forth golden chains which locked the naked gods in their illicit embrace.
Contact me at Last Updated January 28, 2004. A relief carving of Ishtar. As she herself had sprung from the sea, she is represented by later writers as having some influence upon the sea Virg. While she hid, the wood roared with wind. As a goddess, Astarte held dominion not only over love, but also heaven and war.
Alternative identifications for the two secondary female figures involve those also found in the Primavera; the nymph held by Zephyr may be , a flower nymph he married in some versions of her story, and the figure on land may be. Horne believed that the painting was commissioned soon after the purchase in 1477 of the , a country house outside Florence, by Lorenzo and Giovanni, to decorate their new house, which they were rebuilding. Evelyn-White Greek epic C7th to 4th B. Lightness quickly and imperceptibly becomes heaviness. Beautiful and enchanting, she was frequently depicted nude, as a symmetrically perfect maiden, infinitely desirable and as infinitely out of reach. Another poem by Politian speaks of Zephyr causing flowers to bloom, and spreading their scent over the land, which probably explains the roses he blows along with him in the painting. Aglaea Splendor , Euphrosyne Mirth , and Thalia Good Cheer , known collectively as The Graces, followed in the retinue of Aphrodite.
Jones Greek travelogue C2nd A. Aphrodite was associated with the brightest planet, Venus, and this, always a valuable navigational aid, may be another connection with ancient mariners. In some places, as at Corinth, great numbers of females belonged to her, who prostituted themselves in her service, and bore the name of hierodouloi. The In the centre the newly-born goddess Venus stands nude in a giant shell. What do you think of this Orchis account? Rouse Greek epic C5th A. Monika, thanks so much for the link. Each God really wanted to marry her - but in the interests of keeping things kosher in Heaven, Zeus gave her to the one God who didn't think he had a chance: , the ugly and crippled God of the Forge.
This sculpture is an abstract execution of one of the well-known Greek myths describing the birth of Aphrodite. Adonis Once, she took a baby boy she had found beside a myrrh tree to the Underworld and asked to take good care of him. Paris promptly awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite, who in turn enabled him to elope with Helen, who thenceforth became notorious as Helen of Troy. The proportions and poses of the winds to the left do not quite make sense, and none of the figures cast shadows. Botticelli's art was never fully committed to naturalism; in comparison to his contemporary , Botticelli seldom gave weight and volume to his figures and rarely used a deep perspectival space.
Ignoring the size and positioning of the wings and limbs of the flying pair on the left, which bother some other critics, Kenneth Clark calls them:. She is not standing but floating. She is usually clothed in and Classical art and wears an elaborately embroidered band or girdle across her chest which held her magic powers of love, desire, and seductive allurement. The sea brings forth Venus just as the Virgin gives birth to the ultimate symbol of love, Christ. She reminds me much more of the spirit Ereshkigal - A Goddess of death, gloom, and the dead. As Venus she competes in her brightness with the sun.