It is quite fitting that his greatest piece was the last one that he ever wrote before he met with his unfortunate end. Certain sounds recur in the beginning lines-- s, m, l. Each stanza integrates suggestions of its opposite or its predecessors, for they are inherent in autumn also. This can be seen as important for the poem due to its subject matter of Autumn and nature, with this structure helping to demonstrate the consistency of the seasons and their ever-present role in natural life cycles. The lively laborer is the incarnation of the intangible autumn, which can be touched and sensed by everyone. A colorful early-autumn picture is vividly taken on before the readers.
In this Ode, from its beginning to the end, matter and manner are not only superbly blended, but every line carries its noble freight of beauty. The poem focuses on autumn, one of the four seasons. It has spared the margin of the stalks intertwined with flowers. This being said it is also an ode to the end of life and the end of innocence. The final point I wish to make about this stanza is subtle and sophisticated and will probably interest you only if you like grammar and enjoy studying English: The first stanza is punctuated as one sentence, and clearly it is one unit.
It is clear that Autumn is the time for harvesting, gathering and preparing for the Winter that lies ahead. The language of lines 25 - 29 speaks for itself - soft-dying day, wailful, mourn, sinking, dies - things are coming to an end and the atmosphere is one almost of lament. Thematically, the first part of each stanza serves to define the subject of the stanza, and the second part offers room for musing, development, and speculation on that subject; however, this thematic division is only very general. He wrote a letter to a friend, John Hamilton Reynolds: 'How beautiful the season is now - How fine the air. This is the most common metre in traditional English poetry. The stanza ends appropriately in that it literally describes the process of the last apples being pressed for cider, but more importantly it describes the last breathes of life being squeezed out of Autumn.
Autumn is personified and is perceived in a state of activity. In this approach to Nature he remains the great artist that he was. He was apparently inspired by observing nature; his detailed description of natural occurrences has a pleasant appeal to the readers' senses. It is considered the perfect embodiment of poetic form, intent, and effect. In the third stanza, the speaker notes that the music of spring is a distant memory, but that autumn's music is pretty cool, too.
The first stanza is a celebration of autumn: note the gorgeous, long-vowelled imagery that accompanies the writing, the reference to abundance; although autumn has been taken, in much of British literature, as the start of death, as a melancholy time, Keats has taken it here as a fruitful period of existence. He was apparently inspired by observing nature; his detailed description of natural occurrences has a pleasant appeal to the readers' senses. Here, Keats is talking about harvest time. I am using the words process, flux, and change interchangeably in my discussion of Keats's poems. Have students paraphrase and then illustrate the first two stanzas before stopping to discuss the change that occurs in the third.
There is no looking before and after in this poem as Keats surrenders himself fully to the rich beauty of the season. What is difficult about writing poetry that follows strict patterns? To begin with, the time frame of the stanzas begins to prove the theme. The Sun and the autumn help the flowers of the summer to continue. The Autumn holds a sickle in its hand. A temperate sharpness about it. The three-stanza poem seems to create three distinct stages of Autumn: growth, harvest, and death.
The beehives are filled with honey. Also note the relaxed tone of voice — Keats was never considered one of the high-brow poets, and in fact was criticized for his adherence to simple language he believed, quite honestly, that poetry did not need to be complicated to be worth something , but the overall simplicity of To Autumn is staggering. The three-stanza poem seems to create three distinct stages of Autumn: growth, harvest, and death. This poem also shows a progression in the season of autumn itself. Keats was being neither allegorical, nor Wordsworthian. Because of Donne's Christian background, this poem was obviously meant to be a comical look at values that were opposite the ones held by Christians. To prove your thesis, you need to find several ways in which the poem—the words on the page—supports your thesis.
But autumn differs from the other seasons. Poetic devices such as alliteration, and assonance, together with figurative language such as metaphors and personifications are abundant and very efficient in the construction of imagery, in addition to the tone, mood and theme of the poem. Life must go on but it cannot continue in turn give way to fresh spring. The nightingale represents transcendence to a better world and its song is the means by which the narrator reaches this state. Think not of them, thou hast thy music too,— While barred clouds bloom the soft-dying day, And touch the stubble-plains with rosy hue; Then in a wailful choir the small gnats mourn Among the river sallows, borne aloft Or sinking as the light wind lives or dies; And full-grown lambs loud bleat from hilly bourn; Hedge-crickets sing; and now with treble soft The red-breast whistles from a garden-croft; And gathering swallows twitter in the skies. This poem shows an aspect of the natural world and I am going to prove in detail how the techniques used by the poet made me think more deeply about the subject. The poem discusses time and the seasonal nature of life.
It is not, however, a complete sentence; it has no verb. The speaker in the poem acknowledges that time passes by in the poem. From the first three lines it is crystal clear that the sun, a male symbol associated with Apollo the Greek god, is conspiring with a partner, who is a close bosom-friend, of the opposite sex. He is content with the autumn music, however pensive it may be. There is really no sense of anger, or frustration, depression, or any other negative feelings. It is noteworthy that To Autumn is the only major poem of Keats that is completely unsexual. Romanticism emphasizes on passion rather than reason, imagination rather than logic, and intuition rather than science.