Her work in the classroom has been described in various articles she has written over the years for Social Education. Later, as the railroad started moving long distances every few days, some railroad cars had bunkhouses built in them that moved with the workers—the Union Pacific had used this technique since 1866. For an answer to this question, have students review the Northwest Ordinance at:. What were some of the positive effects of the transcontinental railroad? Although the railroad later went bankrupt once the easy placer gold deposits around were depleted, Judah was convinced that a properly financed railroad could pass from through the Sierra Nevada mountains to reach the and hook up with rail lines coming from the East. Around the World in Eighty Days, , 1995, Introduction. Sometimes cracks were found which could be filled with powder and blasted loose. Activity 2: Document Analysis This activity involves reading government documents, and because the language can be difficult for inexperienced readers, this activity is best suited to high school students.
In the meantime the travel is abundantly accommodated by first-class steamers. Army instituted active cavalry patrols that grew larger as the Native Americans grew more aggressive. Retrieved August 1, 2013 — via. Once out of the Sierras, construction was much easier and faster. After viewing sections of the documentary The West students are divided into four teams. Most of the other deviations are in mountainous areas where allow for grades up to six-percent grades, which allows them to go many places the railroads had to go around, since their goal was to hold their grades to less than two percent. Whichever route you took, the trip took months.
What laws effect each group? To build the new railroad, detailed surveys had to be run that showed where the cuts, fills, trestles, bridges and tunnels would have to be built. Representatives of Brigham Young had less success, and failed in court to force him to honor the contract. Therefore the student is able to: Analyze cultural interactions among diverse groups in the trans-Mississippi region. At the end all four groups come together to asses the total effect the railroad had on American life. It was here on May 10, 1869, that Leland Stanford drove The Last Spike or that joined the rails of the transcontinental railroad. These included an extensive series of expeditions of the American West seeking possible routes. By using vertical shafts, four faces of the tunnel could be worked at the same time, two in the middle and one at each end.
While building the railroad along the rugged Weber River Canyon, Mormon workers signed the which was lone tree alongside the track 1,000 miles 1,600 km from Omaha. A single foreman often Irish with a gang of 30 to 40 Chinese men generally constituted the force at work at each end of a tunnel; of these, 12 to 15 men worked on the heading, and the rest on the bottom, removing blasted material. The Homestead Act seems like the bonanza you have been waiting for. The Kansas Pacific became part of the Union Pacific in 1880. Clement as Assistant Chief Engineer and Charles Cadwalader as second assistant. What are the possible losses in terms of conserving the habitat of indigenous peoples? Encourage students to support and evaluate one another.
So the two starting points were Omaha, Nebraska laying track west and Sacramento, California laying track east. From Ogden, the railroad went north of the to and using Mormon workers, before finally connecting with the at Promontory Summit in Utah territory on May 10, 1869. Judah returned to California in 1860. As a group plan whatever strategies you can to do so. Personnel had to be hired to run these stations. President by the film's antagonist. Some passengers and high priority freight were shipped over the newly 1855 completed across the.
Train ferries transferred some railroad cars to and from the Oakland wharves and tracks to wharves and tracks in. By 1871, Evanston became a significant maintenance shop town equipped to carry out extensive repairs on the cars and steam locomotives. Once the central route was chosen, it was immediately obvious that the western terminus should be Sacramento. The legislation called for building and operating a new railroad from the Missouri River at , west to , and on to. The track laying was divided up into various parts. It included the region's natural history and illustrations of reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals.
Who were the railroad workers? Putnam's Sons, 1962 , p. Near the end of 1869, Central Pacific had 162 locomotives, of which 2 had two drivers drive wheels , 110 had four drivers, and 50 had six drivers. Ames got his brother named president of the Union Pacific, while he himself became president of Crédit Mobilier. A few concrete sheds mostly at crossovers are still in use today. Lincoln asked Massachusetts Congressman , who was on the railroad committee, to clean things up and get the railroad moving.
The Pawnee were hired to keep other tribes away from the railroad track. What two companies were responsible for building the railroad? To speed up construction as much as possible, Union Pacific contracted several thousand Mormon workers to cut, fill, trestle, bridge, blast and tunnel its way down the rugged Weber River Canyon to , ahead of the railroad construction. Emigrants from poverty stricken regions of China, many of which suffered from the strife of the , seemed to be more willing to tolerate the living and working conditions on the railroad construction, and progress on the railroad continued. Or, you could buy land from the railroads, as much land as you could afford. With this system, they were able to build about one foot of tunnel each day. Thousands of these newly-arrived Americans chipped away at the rock day after day. Some Union Pacific officers declined to pay the Mormons all of the agreed upon construction costs of the work through Weber Canyon, and beyond, claiming Union Pacific poverty despite the millions they had extracted through the.