Pray take your Hat, And go—and go—and go—and go—; And this—and that desire to know. In it, the 18th-century English artist depicted his household servants, all surrounding the butler. In Britain, the butler was originally a middle-ranking member of the staff of a grand household. The butler was in charge of the dining room, the wine cellar, pantry, and sometimes the entire main floor. Sometimes she might even provide domestic services to other house staff of higher rank. As the footman was always on show, he was expected to be immaculately dressed.
In a large house, the butler centre-left is traditionally head over a full array of household servants. Upper rank servants even could sit with head places at dinner. They carried a long cane containing a mixture of eggs and white wine for sustenance, but many accounts talk of thin, gaunt footmen who became too old before their time. To the relief of many a footman, the practice of powdering hair finally fell out of fashion in the early 20 th century. In families with more than one coachman, the head coachman drives a pair of horses and the second coachman drives one horse. Depending on the number of servants kept in an establishment, these duties often blend with one another. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the butler gradually became the senior, usually male, member of a household's staff in the very grandest households.
Also, for interesting background see Elizabeth Warnock Fernea, Guests of the Sheik: An Ethnography of an Iraqi Village. Where silk stockings or other articles of linen are worn, they are provided by the family, as well as his livery, a working dress consisting of a pair of overalls, a waistcoat, a fustian jacket, with a white or jean one for times when he is liable to be called to answer the door or wait at breakfast; and in quitting his service he is expected to leave behind him any livery had within six months. Nurse--The nurse is in charge of caring for the household's children from the time they are born, until they are turned over to the care of the governess. It is hard for us in these democratic days of the 21st century fully to grasp the sheer size of the aristocratic fiefdoms that dotted the landscape The plain fact was that, in their Victorian and Edwardian heyday, the stately homes of England were swans — elegant and effortless on the surface while, unseen, hundreds of pairs of legs paddled furiously below. Serve Meals The most visible duty of a footman is to set tables and serve and clear all meals for the household. For indoors their livery was sometimes a bit less formal.
In either instance you must remain in attendance should they require any further assistance. Gradually, throughout the 19th century and particularly the Victorian era, as the number of butlers and other domestic servants greatly increased in various countries, the butler became a senior male servant of a household's staff. Even though the butler helped his employer into his coat, this had been handed to him by a footman. . Most footmen were over six-feet tall, and additional inches could add additional income.
The juniors aspired, through hard work and dedication, to earn their promotion up the ladder. Pleasant for John Thomas: Old Lady: 'John Thomas! She then shuts up the room for 15 minutes while the dust settles, and repeats this in the music or sitting rooms. A footman is a mid-level male domestic servant, historically someone who worked in a large establishment in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries. The largest stately houses could have 40 or more. The busiest times of the day for the cook were the morning and the early evening. Wage: 18 th century — £5; 19 th century £12; 20 th century — £15 Plucking the Turkey c. Workforce: At Welbeck Abbey, for example, the Duke of Portland had more than 60 staff in the house Highclere Castle — where Downton was filmed — boasted 25 maids, 14 footmen and three chefs in 1912.
In some families, coachmen have their meals with the servants. Wage: 18 th century — £6; 19 th century — £35; 20 th century — £60 Footman. For an account of a servant's life in the early 19th century you may be interested in the following book by Thomas Cosnett available free on the Internet Archive: , compriising, hints on the arrangement and performance of their work, rules for setting out tables and sideboards, the art of waiting at table, and conducting large and small parties, directions for cleaning plate, glass, furniture, clothes, and all other things which come within the care of a man-servant, and advice respecting behaviour to superiors, tradespeople and fellow-servents More articles on the , , and Looking for pictures to add to your family tree album? William was a Londoner, in his early 30s; he was single and a Protestant. It was a low servant position. At lunch, the footman wears his livery suit with a striped waistcoat. Ferry states that the image of tray-wielding butlers who specialise in serving tables and decanting wine is now anachronistic, and that employers may well be more interested in a butler who is capable of managing a full array of household affairs—from providing the traditional dinner service, to acting as valet, to managing high-tech systems and multiple homes with complexes of staff. Household Management by Margaret Willes, The National Trust, Ltd.
Run was the operative word for the housemaid as she scuttled down the backstairs — the grand main staircase was strictly out of bounds — opened the shutters in the family sitting rooms, raked out and re-laid the fires, blacked and polished the fireplaces, tidied up the mess casually made the night before by her so-called betters, spread the carpets with damp tea leaves to remove the dust, swept up the tea leaves. She attended to all the needs of her mistress, and according Mrs Beeton Book of Household Management, hairdressing was the most important task. Mispronouncing a name was consider offensive and could lead to disagreements. This would be a highly-educated gentleman who was regarded not as a servant but a professional employee with a status higher than the family lawyer. We have not the gold. The list of duties required by the butler varied with the position and status of his employer. The scullery man washes up.
The very wealthy seemed to have a maid for every reason. Victorian London - Professions and Trades - Service Industry - Servants - Footmen Victorian London - Professions and Trades - Service Industry - Servants - Footmen a Footman taken from George Cruikshank's London Characters 1829 Victorian London - Publications - Humour - Punch - 'a prize footman' Punch, Jan. He carried her tray to her room when she wanted breakfast in bed, and stood behind her chair at dinner, to emphasise her rank and status. Regardless of how many servants the household employed, most families followed a logical hiring progression that was designed to ensure that as many domestic tasks as possible had a corresponding person who was responsible for either doing it or seeing that it was done. Howard gives detailed and generally accurate descriptions of butlering in the work. Footmen acquired their names from their running duties, accompanying their masters or mistresses alongside carriages or horses.