Even if your parents are lawyers, it does not follow that you will also be a lawyer. To offer another example, a woman born into a wealthy family occupies both a high and a low ascribed status within the social structure: her inherited resources and social networks are advantageous but her role as a woman may be considered inferior. Both ascribed and achieved statuses exist in all societies. Lionel has several statuses, some that he has earned and others that he was born with. For instance, someone becomes a criminal by committing a crime.
Ascribed status can also be closely linked with master status, as they both involve what a person is born into. Agrarian societies developed religious beliefs justifying steeper inequality. If it isn't a choice, what is the reason for that? Though both of his parents were farmers, Lionel knew at an early age he wanted to be a doctor. Ascribed status is an arbitrary system of classifying individuals that is not fixed in the way that most people think. The change to adulthood is widely recognised in ceremony, custom and law.
By doing so society can capitalize on the deviant instead of punishing him. Merton describes several mechanisms that are employed to minimize conflict in the role-set. Then there are people who achieve a certain status because of an ascribed status. They only socialise him in the initial stage. An ascribed status is rigid, unbending, and is, quite naturally, not easy to change.
Societies differ markedly on several dimensions in this process: what attributes are used to assign status, the relative importance of ascribed versus achieved attributes, the overall potential for social mobility, the rates of mobility that actually occurred, and the barriers for particular sub-groups to enjoy upward mobility in that society. Further, the child in its later life may seek to acquire some achieved statuses that are different from those of parents. The baptism of Amish people is known as believers' baptism and occurs when they are adults, which is much older than a traditional Christian. Individuals in a society behave according to certain standard patterns of behaviour or roles. Since the individual manifests certain racial traits at the time of his birth itself, it is possible to ascribe him a racial status. Still some division of labour between the sexes persists.
Anthropologist Ralph Linton said that achieved status is a social position. If the societies and the individuals' assigned roles are consistent with each other the roles tend to get merged with social values. In the end we have to say that it is actor who faces the strain; for, the dynamic hinges on his management of the several roles in his repertoire. Status is the most elementary component of the social system which is equally abstract. Each level in the stratification structure is known as a caste.
When the individual forms a self-conception by selective identification of certain roles as his own to be held in his repertoire, the individual is said to develop a sense of personal prestige, which is likely to be reflected in his bearing, his self-assurance and other aspects of his interpersonal relations. These expectations are referred to as. For example, no mediocre person can achieve the status of a great artist or a great physicist, or a great writer or a great actor, etc. In the modern society, the transition from the childhood to adulthood involves great strain for the following reasons. Many positions are a mixture of achievement and ascription; for instance, a person who has achieved the status of being a physician is more likely to have the ascribed status of being born into a wealthy family. In this article, we will look at the differences between the two statuses while broadening our understanding of each concept.
For example, the sportsmen, singers, drama artists, film actors, public speakers and such men can achieve very high status in spite of their humble birth. Ascribed status refers to the position that the individual is born with. Again thanks to technological innovation, surpluses grew. Very rarely women are assigned the tasks that take them away from their home for a long time, and those require heavy physical exertion, exposure to bodily injury and sheer physical strength. Some people consider achieved status to also coincide with social roles. Society: Ascribed Status: Ascribed status gained prominence in pre-industrial societies. Doctors, artists, lawyers, musicians etc are all achieved.
Ascribed status is helpful in removing the difficulties and disabilities of the achieved status. In some societies the unborn and the dead too are recognised as two peculiar age-periods which have their own importance. The main reason is the livings are descended both physically and socially from the dead. Also, a woman can be a great mother, a doctor, or a church leader, but once she deals with men, the most important status that will surpass the others is her status of being a woman. Secondly, man is not all at once considered socially as competent to take up any kind of activity. In the case of achieved status, the role of authority and actions which flow from it are predictable because these are based on reason and evaluations.
Even in the modern society, if not extended kinship ties, the immediate family ties remain socially important. Then there are professional status obligations, like doctors and lawyers whose vocations bind them to certain oaths governing their client relationships. This holds to be evident in most cases because those who accrue a lower income usually have the motivation to achieve a greater status through their own ambitions and hard work. Even if the individual wished to engage in another activity or pursue a career of his choice, this opportunity was denied. It did not matter if those with a higher status deserved that power or not, their status defined what they were to get. Individuals comparing themselves to others who possess a higher ascribed status can develop an unrealistically low sense of self-esteem that is not based on their actual capabilities. Status may be acquired, or it may be ascribed.