Slum in Kibera, Kenya 2010 Underdevelopment, relating to , reflects a broad condition or phenomena defined and critiqued by theorists in fields such as , , and. This is a sad record for Latin America and Caribbean most of its countries constituted themselves as nation states after 1810, under the liberal ideals of equality, liberty and fraternity. However, an investigation of the economic history of Africa before European contact reveals that there is a qualitative difference between the development of European and African economies that are expected given the different cultural motivations and environmental availabilities. Though there was not as much development in terms of a scientific approach to agricultural production, the goals of sustenance made for little pressure to produce more crops than they needed. Poverty is the basic problem facing the country. The country is passing through the second stage of demographic transition which is characterised by a falling death rate without a corresponding decline in birth rate. A Dualistic Economy: All the underdeveloped countries including India have a dualistic economy.
The size of the population in these countries is increasing at a faster rate than in advanced countries. Most of the countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and a few countries of Europe can be included in this group. Low Level of Income 2. But the simplest is this: Failure to optimize resources. In addition, the people of Britain must be made aware of their role in helping underdeveloped nations attain economic growth so that they, too, may reduce their populations. One of the rare examples of an economic African success story post colonization is Botswana.
This implies that nearly 51 per cent of the bottom households owned just 10 per cent of total assets. This has resulted lack of capital formation and which is again responsible for low rate of investment in these countries. The above image is a picture of two Congolese men standing next to drying rubber, the main export of the Congo, in the late 19 th to to mid 20 th century. There are other important factors which are responsible for low income and poverty of the people of the developing countries. In respect of transportation, communication, generation and distribution of electricity, credit facilities, social overheads etc. It is mainly carried on in an old fashion way with obsolete methods of production. Low per Capita Income: An underdeveloped country is a poor country.
The process would continue through the reforms of bilateral, imperialist favored policies and influence over the former colonial subjects with multilateral, reciprocally beneficial relationships. Since the mid 1970s, it has infiltrated virtually every country in the world. That's around 28% that are out to lunch. It implies the ability to defend one's interests and if necessary to impose one's will by any means available. Terrorism is also a form of unconventional warfare and psychological warfare. Income of the people of this inorganised sector is very low. Dependency theory states that the poverty of the countries in the periphery is not because they are not integrated into the world system, but because of how they are integrated into the system.
This allowed for a diverse economy that provided for the community in a systematic and effective way. Would you be shocked to learn that the ten most underdeveloped countries in the world are all located in the same continent? Underdeveloped countries would suffer from capital deficiency. Well economy does have something to do with money so its a no brainier. Because the country is so poor, years later, much of the buildings that were destroyed have still not been rebuilt. This rapid growth of population stands as an obstacle in the smooth development of the economy.
In the table below for selected countries indicate that India is far behind the developed countries so far as these indicators of standard of living are concerned. Thus by utilising its natural resources, underdeveloped countries can develop their economies with minimum initiative of their own. In contrast, under developed nations are said to be court up in a vicious circle of poverty. Mass poverty and illiteracy combined with caste systems, religious beliefs, etc. The share of the primary sector is larger in the national income of the underdeveloped country. This has great practical implications: development theory offers the justification for policies. Systematic utilisation of natural resources alone can lead to -economic development.
Mass poverty, Misery and Low-Standard of Living: Most of the people in underdeveloped countries are economically very backward, poor and leading a miserable life without any norms of standard of living. These poor nations provide natural resources, cheap labor, and consumer markets for the wealthy nations, without which, according to dependency theorists, they could not have the standard of living they enjoy. For example, Oil exporting high-income economies are maintaining high per capita income due to their export of oil at a very high price although they are not all developed economies. According to world developing indicators, 46 percent of the child population in India suffers from malnutrition. The degree of poverty in these economies gradually increases due to increase in its size of population, growing inequality in income and increasing price level.
Only in more recent times has the viewpoint of developing countries gained momentum in development theory. Many of the African countries have good potential for development, but they remain backward due to under-utilisation of resources. Went back two weeks later and the doctor did another one and he said i am pregnant but nothing is there. Haiti is one such example. One is in the urban areas and the other is in the rural areas. An underdeveloped economy is an economy in which the available stock of goods is not sufficient to employ the total available labour force on the basis of modern technique of production. The various estimates made by different committees indicate that the inequalities of income and wealth have widened rather than narrowed as a result of planned economic development in India.