With the Senate supposedly being able to intervene only through the negotiation of treaties, they adjusted their ways of life and tried to continue their traditions. In opposition to their white counterparts, they did not see it from an economic standpoint. Similarly, the United States has not adopted many of the tools that states and local government entities have for ensuring that unclaimed or abandoned property is returned to productive use within the local community. Moving with the seasons, following the food sources that were the migrating animals had always been the cultural norm for American Indians. Henry Dawes, attempted to integrate Native Americans into U. The Actbasically regarded this distribution of … land to Native Americans inOklahoma.
Purpose of the Dawes Act for kids: Henry L. Indians, Bureaucrats, and Land, p. Some hoped to get rich off the land that would become available. While attempting to paint the Dawes Act as a noble purpose of Indian empowerment and western settlement for all, the primary purpose of the Dawes Act was to break up tribal lands, assimilate Indians to American culture, and transfer Indian lands to white settlers. Dawes, who sponsored the Dawes General Allotment Act. The Dawes Act appeared less hostile than previous policies, which advocated forceful removal of Native Americans from their homelands, and went so far as to suggest war.
They were to adopt the values of the dominant society and see land as real estate to be bought and developed; they learned how to use their land effectively in order to become prosperous farmers. What is the Dawes Act? American agent to certify each allotment and provide two copies of the certification to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs one to be kept in the Indian Office and the other to be transmitted to the United States Department of the Interior Secretary of the Interior for his action, and to be sent to the General Land Office. The act allowed the government of the to remove tribal land and redistribute it to individual indigenous families. One such tradition was the practice of a nomadic lifestyle moving around , which often resulted in conflicts with settlers who were encroaching on Indian lands. Indians, Bureaucrats, and Land, Westport, Connecticut: 1981. The concern shifted from encouraging private native landownership to satisfying the white settlers' demand for larger portions of land.
However, the act was promoted as a means to boost the indigenous population out of poverty by providing farming opportunities and to support and protect their rights to own property. This report, which became known as the , was issued in 1928. Section Seven addresses water rights on irrigated land. Lands preserved included dry and desert parcels, unable to support farming. Within twenty years, two-thirds of their land was gone.
By dividing reservation lands into parcels, legislators hoped to complete the assimilation process by forcing Native Americans to adopt individual households, and strengthen the and values of economic dependency strictly within this small household unit. Over the 47 years of the Act's life, Native Americans lost about 90 million acres 360,000 km 2 of treaty land, or about two-thirds of the 1887 land base. The Dept of Interior was aware that this was happening. This was the atmosphere in which Henry Dawes was operating when he unveiled his plan. Unlike most private trusts, the federal government bears the entire cost of administering the Indian trust. It continued in Alaska until 1993 when the Alaska Native Claims Settlement act ended it there.
The promised benefits of those seeking the Americanization of the native populations never came true. Indians lost much of their land and received very inadequate payment for the land they gave up. The Dispossession of the American Indian. Very sincere individuals reasoned that if a person adopted white clothing and ways, and was responsible for his own farm, he would gradually drop his Indian-ness and be assimilated into the population. The General Allotment Act, known as the Dawes Act for its creator, Sen. His legislation turned tribal members living on reservation lands into American citizens holding titles to their own farms.
The act was primarily an attempt to handle increasing conflicts and to separate American Indians from tribal lands while trying to force cultural conformity against an Indian population that had widely resisted it. Drafted by Senator Henry Dawes, the Dawes Act went into effect on February 8, 1887. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe would be granted United States citizenship. ® does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site. At that time, the title will belong to the allotment holder or heirs. The Dawes Act of 1887 dissolved tribal governments and landholdings.
His plan was to survey Native-held reservations, which varied in size based on the particular tribe's area and size, and separate them into smaller units, or allotments, of around 160 acres apiece. If this were done in the name of Greed, it would be bad enough; but to do it in the name of Humanity. Traditional communal cultures of reservations and tribes had been systematically targeted and destroyed and would be virtually impossible to re-build. To register they had to change their names to an English one. As original allottees die, their heirs receive equal, undivided interests in the allottees' lands.