However, any member could demand that officials issue a recount. Her father and groom arranged the marriage completely. In the wake of Solon, Athenian aristocrats claimed that all men above age 20 could vote. Athens had a direct democracy. The resulting crisis threatened both the stability and prosperity of. After the monarchy fell, Pisistartus took over the Athenian political system and began to rule as a tyrant.
The ascendance of the great demagogues in Athens during the time of the Peloponnesian war was heavily influenced by their rhetoric and ability to effectively guide the Athenian democracy. He divided the population, ranging from 250,000 to 300,000 at various times, into 10 tribes, within which existed 140 smaller municipalities. Attendance at the assembly was not always voluntary. It would not make sense to have all the citizens drop what they were doing each day to meet and discuss daily business. Only Athenian citizens could vote in any election.
Cited: Thucydides, History of The Peloponnesian Wars, Book 2 : Funeral Speech. To begin with, it was an example of direct democracy, rather than our current representative democratic system. They had public offcials and so does most of the countries today, for example the president. Under this, anything passed or proposed by the assembly could be put on hold for review before a jury — which might annul it and perhaps punish the proposer as well. Sometimes voting was done by written ballot. The three plays— Agamemnon, The Libation Bearers, and The Eumenides—depict pre-democratic Greece as a frightening, blood-drenched place. And because lower class citizens were recruited for the navy as rowers , it's why Athens is sometimes called a 'nautocracy'.
However, when fought Macedonia in 200, the Athenians abolished the first two new tribes and created a twelfth tribe in honour of the king. As a result, the Parthenon became not just a symbol of the Greek nation but of the restored democracy. At times the imperialist democracy acted with extreme brutality, as in the decision to execute the entire male population of and sell off its women and children simply for refusing to become subjects of Athens. They were too smart to be led in war by someone selected bylot, and usually when the Assembly made a significant decision, ithad a rider 'the general to implement' even though it might be anon-military matter. Among such luminaries were , Plato, Socrates, Euripides, and Aristophanes. Poor citizens, in years of poor harvests, had to mortgage portions of their land to wealthier citizens in exchange for food and seed to plant.
Athens practiced a of in which participating voted directly on and executive bills. There were also no rules about what kinds of cases could be prosecuted or what could and could not be said at trial, and so Athenian citizens frequently used the dikasteria to punish or embarrass their enemies. As the system evolved, the last function was shifted to the law courts. Different city-states had different systems. Justice was rapid: a case could last no longer than one day and had to be completed by the time the sun set.
Is the United States a democracy in the classical sense of the word? The cases were put by the litigants themselves in the form of an exchange of single speeches timed by a or clepsydra, first prosecutor then defendant. Secondly, citizenship in ancient Athens was significantly morerestrictive, and far less than the majority of residents of Athensheld citizenship. There is never a democracy that did not commit suicide. At the time of the Parthenon, Athens was a democracy and the Athenians were proud of their constitution, which was radically different from other city-states in Greece. Jurors were paid a wage for their work, so that the job could be accessible to everyone and not just the wealthy but, since the wage was less than what the average worker earned in a day, the typical juror was an elderly retiree. Athens was also the most prosperous Greek city in terms of actual wealth and cultural prestige.
In practice, many of the rural inhabitants of Attica the area surrounding Athens would not have been able to attend these meetings simply because it would have been too much trouble for them to make the journey to the city. In situations involving a public figure, the initiator was referred to as a kategoros 'accuser' , a term also used in cases involving homicide, rather than ho diokon 'the one who pursues'. The Athenians deserve credit, however, because they invented the idea. Overall their naval reputation and intimidation comes from the skill in what they valued and also how they lived their lives. Long after the fall of Athens, Metapontum maintained a sense of vigorous independence, even going so far as to support Hannibal during the Second Punic War. Then a few days later when things had cooled down, the assembly went after the man who had pushed for the executions.
This did not last for long however, and was quickly replaced with a democratic system. Any male citizen could make a decisions but women, slaves and others were not allowed and were born elsewhere. In Sicily, the major Greek city of briefly flirted with democratic governance. The Athenian democratic system was made of 6 different roles. By and large, the power exercised by these officials was routine administration and quite limited. Each of Cleisthenes's 10 tribes provided 50 councillors who were at least 30 years old.