Once their passage is hindered by the Himalayas, they are unable to proceed further, and they release significant precipitation over the southern Himalayas. Hail is also common in parts of India, causing severe damage to standing crops such as rice and wheat. It is often difficult to say whether the Arabian Sea branch or the deflected Bay of Bengal branch will be the first to arrive. Your research must be water oriented — how much rains to expect in the place, when to expect it, what is the place like, the facilities and infrastructures of the place, is the place travellers friendly, about the local people, where are you going to stay, what special things to be packed for that place, etc. Although it can be cold especially during the evenings days tend to be clear, fresh and dry in the Cool Season.
The windward side of the Sahyadris receives very heavy rain. The easterly jet weakens, and the upper tropospheric easterlies move much farther south. Check out these for inspiration. As a result, the coast is hit by what can mildly be termed as inclement weather almost every year between October and January. Rainfall varies between 400 and 500 mm 16 and 20 inches , but topography introduces some extraordinary differences. Despite its position within a high-latitude belt at 55—75° S—latitudes now occupied by parts of the , as opposed to India's current position between 5 and 35° N—India likely experienced a humid temperate climate with warm and frost-free weather, though with well-defined seasons.
It migrates northward from the equatorial Atlantic in February, reaches western Africa on or near June 22, then moves back to the south by October. Such rainfall is highly erratic; regions experiencing rainfall one year may not see precipitation for the next couple of years or so. While one part of India may be rainy, another part will be perfectly enjoyable. But once it is passed, the air starts rising again and the amount of rainfall increases further east. Rajasthan to the south and west of Delhi is predominantly dry and arid, with the Thar Desert occupying the far western expanse. This is a time of transition between the end of one monsoon and the beginning of the next.
Further south, in Bengal, Calcutta, and Orissa along the northern edge of the Bay of Bengal, the end of the Hot Season is quite wet and both temperatures and humidity are high. The weather is pleasant and comfortable in the season. Rainfall is common at any time of the year. The monsoon accounts for nearly 80% of the rainfall in India. On the other hand, a week or failed monsoon can result in declined agricultural output, poor economic conditions, poverty and substantially hinder overall economic growth. Asia The Asian monsoons may be classified into a few sub-systems, such as the Indian Subcontinental Monsoon which affects the Indian subcontinent and surrounding regions including Nepal, and the East Asian Monsoon which affects , , and parts of. The inclusion of the and monsoons with incomplete wind reversal has been debated.
You'll also get to see another side of India, where nature comes alive in a landscape of cool, lush greenery. In southeastern India, large totals of 600-800 mm 200-300 mm above normal during the season primarily resulted from a rare tropical cyclone on 14-17 June, which moved westward into the region from the Bay of Bengal. Moreover, a good Monsoon season can reduce demand for subsidized diesel used for pumping water from wells, ground, ponds or rivers for irrigation. These winds carry moisture evaporated from the warm Indian Ocean to converge over the mountains on the west coast of India, before continuing to the Bay of Bengal. Temperatures and humidity remain relatively high all year round. Monsoon Facts A monsoon, which is a large sea breeze, occurs when the wind blows from the cooler ocean to the much warmer land mass. It is mainly in July and that waves of appear in the body of monsoonal air.
Other Factors Although tourist numbers tend to fluctuate based around India's rainy seasons, big events and festivals should also be taken into account when choosing the best time to visit India. The Monsoon rains in India also replenish reservoirs and groundwater that helps in improving irrigation and also boosts hydropower production. As the land's surface becomes warmer, the air above it expands and an area of develops. Other dangers include frequent summer dust storms, which usually track from north to south; they cause extensive property damage in North India and deposit large amounts of dust from arid regions. This system intensified to its present strength as a result of the 's , which accompanied the — transition event, a major episode of global cooling and which occurred 34—49 Ma.
It is associated with the development of the and the movement of the heating maxima from the to the. Also there is rise in temperature whenever there is break in the monsoons and rainfall does not occur for a number of days. Normally, the heaviest monsoonal rains are observed in these regions. Most of is thus kept warm or is only mildly chilly or cold during winter; the same thermal dam keeps most regions in India hot in summer. Sharp temperature contrasts between sunny and shady slopes, high diurnal temperature variability, temperature inversions, and altitude-dependent variability in rainfall are also common. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to. This change of the upper tropospheric circulation above northern India from westerly jet to easterly flow coincides with a reversal of the vertical temperature and pressure gradients between 600 and 300 millibars.
The crest of the Western Ghats receives about 400 to 500 cm annual rainfall which is drastically reduced to about 30-50 cm within a distance of 80-100 km leeward from the crest. This results in the northward shifting of the monsoon trough. The intensity and duration, however, are not uniform from year to year. The opposite shift is also possible, with midlatitude upper air flowing along the south face of the Himalayas and bringing drought to the northern districts. In 2002 and 2004 the India Meteorological Department failed to predict the droughts that occurred. Transport, especially buses and trains can be delayed but there are also late for the rest of the year! It is believed that the resulting increase in sea surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean increased the intensity of monsoons.