As they waited for the troops to board the ship, the English troops attacked the Spanish ships. You could say that that was by chance. It certainly made a change from the standard 'chalk and talk' lesson. He destroyed thirty Spanish warships. Whilst the weather did have a negative impact on the English at various times, it had a disastrous effect on the Spanish. Many of the ships which have been excavated still had much of their ammunition left, partly because of the nature of their tactics, partly because many cannon were unusable because their muzzles had been incorrectly bored.
The simple fact that the plan involved stopping the Armada, meant that it was fatally flawed. English troops used adaptable tactics like the Hell Burner, a tactic consisting of setting ablaze some of their ships and pushing the ship towards the Spanish borders. Armada timeline: 1588 12 July: the Spanish Armada set sail. It was believed the Spanish Armada were a formidable force and could not be beaten; their weapons and tactics were far superior to any other countries. However, the inevitable happened, they were beaten and in this enquiry I will talk about the reasons and factors to why the Spanish Armada ended up getting beat trying to overthrow protestant England in 1588. Relations between these two superpowers have been getting gradually worse. The wind would have made it difficult to sail in the Channel, on the other hand the way that he went he lost about 18 ships overnight, because of the storms! That afternoon the wind changed and the Spanish ships were blown off the sandbanks, towards the North Sea.
Answer is to regroup - but without anchors this is virtually impossible. This led to me devising this activity which, far from being suitable only for college students, turned out to be valuable right across the age-ranges — a good teaching activity is a good teaching activity no matter what the age of the students. Whilst the weather did have a negative impact on the English at various times, it had a disastrous effect on the Spanish. He was a respected and successful admiral. Complete with additional research and a bibliography, his argument would not be out of place in an A Level assessment.
Time to look at the factors for the second time. Firstly, the Spanish were dogged with bad luck from the very beginning. The English shot loads and ran out of ammunition! Ask who is achieving their objectives? Dr Jones was blown away when a Year 8 student, Matthew Murray, produced this stunning essay about the Spanish Armada for a homework assignment. They argue that for any economic success political institutions must be sufficiently centralized to provide basic public services including justice, the enforcement of contracts, and education. Those who survived the storms, the Irish, the lack of food etc. Communications in the C16th were very poor yet the English had developed a way of informing London when the Armada was first seen. How might you try to set Spanish ships on fire? The Highlanders were uneasy at being so far south.
But in order to answer this question, we must first take a look at the events leading up to and during the battle of the seas. The Spanish fleet was built mainly for transporting and not fighting whereas the English ships were smaller, faster and more manoeuvrable. For some of the large bore guns, money had been saved by using stone ammunition. Back to the Armada campaign. The social revolutionaries wanted peasant ownership of land. The Spanish were fooled by the English into thinking that the English had ammunition left, if they had known that they probably would have gone back through the channel and all of them probably would have got back safely.
It was reported that Elizabeth heard the news of Gravelines while out hunting in Epping Forest and was so excited that she galloped her horse up the stairway of the nearest hunting lodge. This will have caused the Spanish a major setback from winning the Spanish armada because they would not have been as strong as the English navy. After she refused his offer he made several failed attempts to kill Queen Elizabeth to replace her with a Catholic Monarch, Mary, Queen of Scotts. At this stage Medina Sedonia sent the latest of many messages to Parma telling him of progress — which creates the problem of how to simulate sending the messages. Medina chose to put his ships in the formation of a crescent. For some of the large bore guns, money had been saved by using stone ammunition. Answer - because his small boats would be attacked by the Dutch rebels and the Armada couldn't deal with the rebels because they operated in shallow waters.
They would smash into enemy ships, and if that did not sink them, then they would launch a boarding action, turning a naval battle into a land fight at sea. There will be nothing neglected that may work to their destruction'. Introduction The Spanish armada started in 1588 and finished around a month later. The period of undeclared warfare from 1585 to 1604 is called the Anglo-Spanish War. Once it stopped, it lost its crescent shape and left it open to attack. Simulate this in slow motion, by getting students as fireships to curl up like bowling balls and move between the Spanish ships.
Their ships were damaged and to stop at the nearest port, Coruna, to be repaired. These ships carried amongst other items: 11 million pounds in weight of ships biscuits 11,000 pairs of sandals 40,000 gallons of olive oil 5,000 pairs of shoes 14,000 barrels of wine 180 priests 600,000 pounds of salted pork 728 servants The Armada sailed on July 19th 1588. All the Spanish had to do was get to the Low Countries pick up the armies, take them to Kent, March to London and dismiss Queen Elizabeth I of her throne. This great war fleet was bound for England. For example, on the 9 th August, she delivered her famous speech at Tilbury aimed at rallying her troops in case of an attack by Parma.
The Spanish panicked, cut their anchors and scattered, breaking formation. The English were helped by the Dutchwho blockaded the ports where Spanish auxiliary forces had boarded;t … his robbed the Armada of vital resources for a succesful invasion. . From this position, they could fire at the Spanish ships, making use of their superior gunnery, with little risk of close quarters action. What the English did do was waste a lot of ammunition firing at the Armada and not having much of an impact as the Spanish ships had well built hulls that proved to be solid. He waited for them to pass Plymouth, famously completing his game of bowls! Why did the Jacobite rebellion of 1745 fail? This rotted the food and made the water sour.