These reforms included women suffrage, the elections of senators, availability of referendum, and the right to recall representatives that behavior in office was not satisfying the constituents. The growth of big business opened new fields for women, such as saleswoman and clerk, as well as bringing more women into the factory system. Two mothers and eleven children died as a result of that attack. The letter shown on the left was written by Emma Smith DeVoe, president of the Washington Equals Suffrage Association, to Homer H. Judith McDonough is an assistant professor in the History Department at Indiana University of Pennsylvania. The Progressive era is defined as the time period of 1890 to 1920. Jacquelline Van Voris, Carrie Chapman Catt: A Public Life New York: The Feminist Press at City University , 134.
In the United States, African Americans lived and worked in a segregated society and this was reflected in their wartime participation. The suffrage movement was part of this wave of Progressive Era reforms. The big names were William H. Before the Progressive Era and the New Deal, the federal government took a very hands-off approach and had little involvement in, and little care for the welfare of the American people. This was known as the.
Before 1920, most states in the Eastern and Central U. When Congress ratified the 19th Amendment in 1920, it marked the end of the women's struggle for equality and the beginning of a new era in human rights. The Progressives way of belief was that they were reformers, which accepted the system of Americans but still felt that there was only the need for adjustment. This letter is an example of how the movement evolved from housewives to women demanding to have a voice when it comes to voting. They won minimum wage and maximum hours laws for women workers, public health programs for pregnant women and babies, improved educational opportunities for both children and adults, and an array of social welfare measures at the local, state, and federal levels.
To these women, having an attractive appearance was crucially important, as it represented the monarchy well. Access to quality healthcare, education, and housing was scarce, and lynchings were rampant in the South. The passage of the 19th amendment only had a limited impact on the American voting pattern, as many women were voting along with the men in their family. That image is crystallized in the image of the Women's Sphere, a political cartoon from a Progressive Era illustrated magazine that depicts a domestic woman gazing over the fence in a hopes of escape. As you will see in the upcoming itinerary, settlements like Lillian Wald's Henry Street Settlement in New York City became hotbeds of progressive reform.
Located in the center of an immigrant neighborhood, Hull House provided many services to the surrounding community. What were their main goals for society and government? It was the first time Army and Navy military nurses performed active duty abroad. Known as the , journalists such as , , and all wrote about lynching, segregation as well as the importance of becoming socially and politically active. The women of this Era sought out for the reform of the federal government. However, women often found their efforts thwarted by a male-dominated society and a Victorian view of the female role. Anthony and Stanton first proposed a national women's suffrage amendment granting women the right to vote in 1878. Women worked hard to reform and expand the federal government with the issues of sanitation, health, wages, working conditions, and social welfare.
With the increasing number of women attending college, the shirtwaist ensemble came into style. Another role that was definitely underrated during this time, was the role of a housewife. In this collection of writings, Wells also wrote on the different treatment of individuals based on their race. Since family structures limited their freedom, many of these ambitious and socially-conscious women chose to defer marriage or remain single. The Progressive Era was a time of political and economic transformation. Catt was president from 1900-1904, when she resigned to care for her ill husband. Anthony began her leadership as a Temperance Movement supporter and she believed that alcohol was a sin.
Primarily urban the rising middle class had the moral training that stressed a Christian duty to help those less fortunate and devote time to reform efforts. Citizens were enraged, with big businesses' growing influence in all branches of government and sought ways to purify it. Over and over again Christ rebuked His disciples who were always yielding to natural ambition rather than supernatural. She was elected to the National Executive Committee, and also served on the International Socialist Bureau. They viewed the search for peace as a natural extension of the reform movement. This was the final victory for women to vote.
Anthony amendment in her honor. Many mainstream progressive political leaders in the past were reactionary on issues of race and gender. No one had ever seen pickets in front of the White House let alone women picketing. Anthony was born in 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. These organizations contributed to the structure of governmental regulation of industry.
In most states, women could not vote, and in some states married women could not sign contracts without the consent of their husbands. A sampling of undergarments and accessories of the period show how women achieved the right shape and complemented the look with shoes, hats and jewelry. Florence Kelley fought for laws that protected women in the workplace. These reforms included the cracking down on illegal monopolies and so forth. Docent tours of the period rooms are offered from 10:00 a. Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, The Rebel Girl: An Autobiography 1906-1926 New York: International Publishers , 136-137.
The working conditions for children were inhumane and dangerous and caused many young workers to suffer illness and injuries. As women tried to address the social problems of the day, they had to contend with the rather entrenched view that women were intellectually and emotionally inferior to men. Muckrakers in the Progressive Era, a time from 1820 until 1920 when America quickly industrialized, pushed for reform and have altered the way we live today. Is it to be a housewife and take care of her husband and children? Religious leaders encouraged equal education believing it would at least make women literate enough to read and understand the bible resulting in them being able to spread the teachings of the bible. In December 1917, Congress adopted the Eighteenth Amendment, which was approved by the states in January 1919 and went into effect a year later, banning the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol nationwide. African Americans were faced with consistent racism in the form of segregation in public spaces and disenfranchisement from the political process. Wells work could be considered muckraking as it led to the development of the Anti-Lynching Campaign.